Poulan Lawn Mower 191606 User Manual

MODEL NO. CO1842STA  
18.0 HP 42 INCH  
LAWN TRACTOR  
Assembly  
Operation  
Maintenance  
Service and Adjustments  
Storage  
Troubleshooting  
Repair Parts  
For Parts and Service, contact our authorized distributor:  
call 1-800-849-1297 For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886  
191606 Rev. 1 3.12.04 TR/MH  
PRINTED IN U.S.A.  
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SAFETY RULES  
IMPORTANT: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throw-  
ing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious  
injury or death.  
• Be aware of the mower discharge direc-  
WARNING: In order to prevent ac-  
tion and do not point it at anyone. Do  
cidental starting when setting up, trans-  
not operate the mower without either  
porting, adjusting or making repairs,  
the entire grass catcher or the guard in  
always disconnect spark plug wire and  
place.  
place wire where it cannot contact spark  
• Slow down before turning.  
plug.  
• Never leave a running machine unat-  
tended. Always turn off blades, set  
WARNING: Do not coast down a  
hill in neutral, you may lose control of the  
parking brake, stop engine, and remove  
keys before dismounting.  
tractor.  
Turn off blades when not mowing.  
WARNING: Tow only the attachments  
that are recommended by and comply with  
specifications of the manufacturer of your  
tractor. Use common sense when towing.  
Operate only at the lowest possible speed  
when on a slope. Too heavy of a load,  
while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can  
lose traction with the ground and cause  
you to lose control of your tractor.  
• Stop engine before removing grass  
catcher or unclogging chute.  
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial  
light.  
• Do not operate the machine while under  
the influence of alcohol or drugs.  
• Watch for traffic when operating near or  
crossing roadways.  
• Use extra care when loading or un-  
loading the machine into a trailer or  
truck.  
• Data indicates that operators, age 60  
years and above, are involved in a large  
percentage of riding mower-related in-  
juries. These operators should evaluate  
their ability to operate the riding mower  
safely enough to protect themselves and  
others from serious injury.  
• Keep machine free of grass , leaves or  
other debris build-up which can touch  
hot exhaust / engine parts and burn . Do  
not allow the mower deck to plow leaves  
or other debris which can cause build-  
up to occur. Clean any oil or fuel  
spillage before operating or storing the  
machine . Allow machine to cool before  
storage.  
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some  
of its constituents, and certain vehicle  
components contain or emit chemicals  
known to the State of California to cause  
cancer and birth defects or other reproduc-  
tive harm.  
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals  
and related accessories contain lead and  
lead compounds, chemicals known to the  
State of California to cause cancer and  
birth defects or other reproductive harm.  
Wash hands after handling.  
I. GENERAL OPERATION  
• Read, understand, and follow all instruc-  
tions in the manual and on the machine  
before starting.  
• Only allow responsible adults, who are  
familiar with the instructions, to operate  
the machine.  
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks,  
toys, wire, etc., which could be picked  
up and thrown by the blade.  
II. SLOPE OPERATION  
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-  
of-control and tipover accidents, which can  
result in severe injury or death. All slopes  
require extra caution. If you cannot back  
up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do  
not mow it.  
• Be sure the area is clear of other people  
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone  
enters the area.  
DO:  
• Never carry passengers.  
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.  
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree  
limbs, etc.  
• Do not mow in reverse unless abso-  
lutely necessary. Always look down and  
behind before and while backing.  
3
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SAFETY RULES  
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Un-  
• Use extra care when approaching blind  
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects  
that may obscure vision.  
even terrain could overturn the machine.  
Tall grass can hide obstacles.  
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear  
so that you will not have to stop or shift  
while on the slope.  
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommend-  
ations for wheel weights or counter-  
weights to improve stability.  
• Use extra care with grass catchers or  
other attachments. These can change  
the stability of the machine.  
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow  
and gradual. Do not make sudden  
changes in speed or direction.  
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If  
tires lose traction, disengage the blades  
and proceed slowly straight down the  
slope.  
IV. SERVICE  
• Use extra care in handling gasoline and  
other fuels. They are flammable and  
vapors are explosive.  
- Use only an approved container.  
- Never remove gas cap or add fuel  
with the engine running. Allow  
engine to cool before refueling. Do  
not smoke.  
- Never refuel the machine indoors.  
- Never store the machine or fuel  
container inside where there is an  
open flame, such as a water heater.  
• Never run a machine inside a closed  
area.  
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade  
attachment bolts, tight and keep equip-  
ment in good condition.  
• Never tamper with safety devices.  
Check their proper operation regularly.  
• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or  
other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel  
spillage. Allow machine to cool before  
storing.  
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you  
strike an object. Repair, if necessary,  
before restarting.  
DO NOT:  
Do not turn on slopes unless neces-  
sary, and then, turn slowly and gradually  
downhill, if possible.  
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches,  
or embankments. The mower could  
suddenly turn over if a wheel is over  
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge  
caves in.  
Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced  
traction could cause sliding.  
Do not try to stabilize the machine by  
putting your foot on the ground.  
Do not use grass catcher on steep  
slopes.  
• Never make adjustments or repairs with  
the engine running.  
• Grass catcher components are subject  
to wear, damage, and deterioration,  
which could expose moving parts or  
allow objects to be thrown. Frequently  
check components and replace with  
manufacturer's recommended parts,  
when necessary.  
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut.  
Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and  
use extra caution when servicing them.  
• Check brake operation frequently. Ad-  
just and service as required.  
III. CHILDREN  
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator  
is not alert to the presence of children.  
Children are often attracted to the ma-  
chine and the mowing activity. Never as-  
sume that children will remain where you  
last saw them.  
• Keep children out of the mowing area  
and under the watchful care of another  
responsible adult.  
• Be alert and turn machine off if children  
enter the area.  
• Before and when backing, look behind  
and down for small children.  
• Never carry children. They may fall off  
and be seriously injured or interfere with  
safe machine operation.  
• Never allow children to operate the  
machine.  
4
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SAFETY RULES  
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree  
• Be sure the area is clear of other people  
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone  
enters the area.  
• Never carry passengers or children  
even with the blades off.  
• Do not mow in reverse unless abso-  
lutely necessary. Always look down and  
behind before and while backing.  
• Never carry children. They may fall off  
and be seriously injured or interfere with  
safe machine operation.  
• Keep children out of the mowing area  
and under the watchful care of another  
responsible adult.  
limbs, etc.  
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven  
terrain could overturn the machine. Tall  
grass can hide obstacles.  
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear  
so that you will not have to stop or shift  
while on the slope.  
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If  
tires lose traction, disengage the blades  
and proceed slowly straight down the  
slope.  
• If machine stops while going uphill,  
disengage blades, shift into reverse and  
back down slowly.  
• Be alert and turn machine off if children  
enter the area.  
• Before and when backing, look behind  
and down for small children.  
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary,  
and then, turn slowly and gradually  
downhill, if possible.  
• Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not  
across.  
5
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PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS  
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES  
• Read and observe the safety rules.  
• Follow a regular schedule in main-  
taining, caring for and using your tractor.  
• Follow the instructions under “Mainte-  
nance” and “Storage” sections of this  
owner’s manual.  
Gasoline  
Capacity and  
Type:  
1.25  
Unleaded  
Regular  
Oil Type  
(API-SF-SJ):  
SAE 30 (above 32°F)  
SAE 5W-30(below 32°F)  
WARNING: This tractor is equipped  
with an internal combustion engine and  
should not be used on or near any unim-  
proved forest-covered, brush-covered or  
grass-covered land unless the engine’s  
exhaust system is equipped with a spark  
arrester meeting applicable local or state  
laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it  
should be maintained in effective working  
order by the operator.  
In the state of California the above is  
required by law (Section 4442 of the  
California Public Resources Code). Other  
states may have similar laws. Federal  
laws apply on federal lands. A spark ar-  
rester for the muffler is available through  
your nearest authorized service center/de-  
partment (See REPAIR PARTS section of  
this manual).  
Oil Capacity:  
W/Filter: 3.5 Pints  
W/O Filter: 3.0 Pints  
Spark Plug:  
(Gap: .030")  
Champion RC12YC  
Ground Speed (MPH):  
Forward:  
1st  
2nd  
3rd  
4th  
5th  
6th  
1.2  
1.5  
2.4  
3.5  
4.8  
5.3  
1.5  
Reverse:  
Tire Pressure: Front: 14 PSI  
Rear: 10 PSI  
3 Amps Battery  
5 Amps Headlights  
Amp/Hr: 28  
Charging  
System:  
Battery:  
Min. CCA: 230  
Case Size: U1R  
Blade Bolt Torque: 27-35 Ft. Lbs.  
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase  
of a new tractor. It has been designed,  
engineered and manufactured to give  
you the best possible dependability and  
performance.  
Should you experience any problem you  
cannot easily remedy, please contact  
your nearest authorized service center/  
department We have competent, well-  
trained technicians and the proper tools to  
service or repair this tractor.  
Please read and retain this manual. The  
instructions will enable you to assemble  
and maintain your tractor properly. Always  
observe the “SAFETY RULES”.  
6
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UNASSEMBLED PARTS  
Steering Wheel  
Steering  
Wheel Insert  
(1) Large Flat Washer  
Steering  
Extension  
Shaft  
(1) Locknut  
(1) Hex Bolt 1/4-28 x 1-1/4  
1/4-28  
Steering  
Boot  
Steering Wheel  
Adapter  
(1) Hex nut 1/2-20  
Seat  
(1) Washer  
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge  
(1) Knob  
Slope Sheet  
(1) Oil Drain Tube  
For Future Use  
Keys  
(2) Keys  
7
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ASSEMBLY/PRE-OPERATION  
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left  
unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor  
all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools  
as necessary to insure proper tightness. Review the video cassette before you begin.  
Insert  
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR  
ASSEMBLY  
1/2 Hex Nut  
A socket wrench set will make assembly  
easier. Standard wrench sizes you need  
Large Flat Washer  
are listed below.  
(1) 3/4" wrench  
(2) 7/16" wrench  
(1) Pliers  
(1) Utility knife  
(1) Tire pressure gauge  
When right or left hand is mentioned in  
this manual, it means, from your point of  
view, when you are in the operating posi-  
tion (seated behind the steering wheel).  
Steering  
Wheel  
Steering Boot  
Tabs  
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM  
CARTON  
Adapter  
UNPACK CARTON  
Extension Shaft  
1/4 Hex Bolt  
1. Remove all accessible loose parts and  
1/4 Locknut  
parts boxes from carton.  
2. Cut along dotted lines on all four pan-  
els of carton. Remove end panels and  
lay side panels flat.  
3. Check for any additional loose parts or  
cartons and remove.  
Lower  
Steering  
Shaft  
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR  
FROM SKID  
Tab  
Slots  
ATTACH STEERING WHEEL  
7. Snap steering wheel insert into center  
of steering wheel.  
8. Remove protective materials from trac-  
tor hood and grill.  
IMPORTANT: Check for and remove any  
staples in skid that may puncture tires  
where tractor is to roll off skid.  
ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND  
BOOT  
1. Slide extension shaft onto lower steer-  
ing shaft. Align mounting holes in ex-  
tension and lower shafts and install 1/4  
hex bolt and locknut. Tighten securely.  
IMPORTANT: Tighten bolt and nut se-  
curely to 10-12 ft. lbs torque.  
HOW TO SET UPYOUR TRACTOR  
INSTALL SEAT  
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment  
knob.  
2. Place tabs of steering boot over tab  
slots in dash and push down to secure.  
INSTALL STEERING WHEEL  
3. Position front wheels of the tractor so  
they are pointing straight forward.  
4. Remove steering wheel adapter from  
steering wheel and slide adapter onto  
steering shaft extension.  
5. Position steering wheel so cross bars  
are horizontal (left to right) and slide  
inside boot and onto adapter.  
1. Remove adjustment knob and flat  
washer securing seat to cardboard  
packing and set aside for assembly of  
seat to tractor.  
2. Pivot seat upward and remove from  
the cardboard packing. Remove the  
cardboard packing and discard.  
3. Place seat on seat pan so head of  
shoulder bolt is positioned over large  
6. Assemble large flat washer, 1/2 hex nut  
and tighten securely.  
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slotted hole in pan.  
NOTE: You may now roll or drive your  
4. Push down on seat to engage shoulder tractor off the skid. Follow the appropriate  
bolt in slot and pull seat towards rear of instruction below to remove the tractor  
tractor.  
from the skid.  
5. Pivot seat and pan forward and as-  
semble adjustment knob and flat  
washer loosely. Do not tighten.  
6. Lower seat into operating position and  
sit in seat.  
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See  
Operation section for location and  
function of controls)  
1. Press lift lever plunger and raise  
attachment lift lever to its highest po-  
sition.  
2. Release parking brake by depressing  
clutch/brake pedal.  
3. Place gearshift lever in neutral (N)  
position.  
7. Slide seat until a comfortable position  
is reached which allows you to press  
clutch/brake pedal all the way down.  
8. Get off seat without moving its ad-  
justed position.  
9. Raise seat and tighten adjustment  
4. Roll tractor forward off skid.  
5. Remove banding holding deflector  
shield up against tractor.  
Seat  
TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See  
Operation section for location and  
function of controls)  
WARNING: Before starting, read, un-  
derstand and follow all instructions in the  
Operation section of this manual. Be sure  
tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure  
the area in front of tractor is clear of other  
people and objects.  
Seat Pan  
Shoulder  
Bolt  
Flat Washer  
1. Be sure all the above assembly steps  
have been completed.  
2. Check engine oil level and fill fuel tank  
with gasoline.  
3. Sit on seat in operating position,  
depress clutch/brake pedal and set the  
parking brake.  
02464  
Adjustment Knob  
CHECK BATTERY  
4. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N)  
position.  
5. Press lift lever plunger and raise  
attachment lift lever to its highest posi-  
tion.  
6. Start the engine. After engine has  
started, move throttle control to idle  
position.  
7. Depress clutch/brake pedal into full  
"BRAKE" position and hold. Move  
gearshift lever to 1st gear.  
1. Lift seat pan to raised position.  
NOTE: If this battery is put into service  
after month and year indicated on label  
(label located between terminals) charge  
battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10  
amps. (See "BATTERY" in Maintenance  
section of this manual for charging instruc-  
tions).  
Seat pan  
Label  
8. Slowly release clutch/brake pedal and  
slowly drive tractor off skid.  
9. Apply brake to stop tractor, set park-  
ing brake and place gearshift lever in  
neutral position.  
Terminal  
10.Turn ignition key to "STOP" position.  
Continue with the instructions that follow.  
Terminal  
02602  
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INSTALL MULCHER PLATE  
(If previously removed)  
1. Raise and hold deflector shield in  
upright position.  
2. Place front of mulcher plate over front  
of mower deck opening and slide into  
place, as shown.  
3. Hook front latch into hole on front of  
mower deck.  
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS  
For best cutting results, mower hous-  
ing should be properly leveled. See “TO  
LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service  
and Adjustments section of this manual.  
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM  
After you learn how to operate your trac-  
tor, check to see that the brake is properly  
adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in  
the Service and Adjustments section of  
this manual.  
4. Hook rear latch into hole on back of  
mower deck.  
CAUTION: Do not remove deflector  
shield from mower.  
CHECKLIST  
Before you operate your new tractor, we  
wish to assure that you receive the best  
performance and satisfaction from this  
Quality Product.  
Deflector  
Shield  
Mulcher  
Plate  
Please review the following checklist:  
All assembly instructions have been  
completed.  
No remaining loose parts in carton.  
Battery is properly prepared and  
charged. (Minimum 1 hour at 6 amps).  
Seat is adjusted comfortably and tight-  
ened securely.  
Latch  
Hooks  
All tires are properly inflated. (For ship-  
ping purposes, the tires were overin-  
flated at the factory).  
Be sure mower deck is properly leveled  
side-to-side/front-to-rear for best cutting  
results. (Tires must be properly inflated  
for leveling).  
Check mower and drive belts. Be sure  
they are routed properly around pulleys  
and inside all belt keepers.  
TO CONVERT TO BAGGING OR  
DISCHARGING  
Simply remove mulcher plate and store in  
a safe place.Your mower is now ready for  
discharging or installation of optional grass  
catcher accessory.  
NOTE: It is not necessary to change  
blades. The mulching blades are designed  
for discharging and bagging also.  
Check wiring. See that all connections  
are still secure and wires are properly  
clamped.  
While learning how to use your tractor, pay  
extra attention to the following important  
items:  
Engine oil is at proper level.  
Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regu-  
lar unleaded gasoline.  
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE  
The tires on your tractor were overin-  
flated at the factory for shipping purposes.  
Correct tire pressure is important for best  
cutting performance.  
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in  
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section  
of this manual.  
Become familiar with all controls, their  
location and function. Operate them  
before you start the engine.  
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION  
OF ALL BELTS  
See the figures that are shown for replac-  
ing motion and mower blade drive belts  
in the Service and Adjustments section  
of this manual. Verify that the belts are  
routed correctly.  
Be sure brake system is in safe operat-  
ing condition.  
10  
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OPERATION  
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product.  
Learn and understand their meaning.  
IGNITION  
FAST  
SLOW  
REVERSE  
HIGH  
LOW  
NEUTRAL  
CHOKE  
P
LIGHTS ON  
ENGINE START  
ENGINE ON  
PARKING BRAKE  
PARKING BRAKE PARKING BRAKE  
ENGINE OFF  
LOCKED  
UNLOCKED  
OIL PRESSURE  
BATTERY  
REVERSE  
FUEL  
FORWARD  
OVER TEMP  
LIGHT  
MOWER HEIGHT  
MOWER LIFT  
15  
15  
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH ENGAGED  
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH DISENGAGED  
SLOPE HAZARDS  
KEEP AREA CLEAR  
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)  
DANGER, KEEP HANDS  
AND FEET AWAY  
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,  
will result in death or serious injury.  
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,  
could result in death or serious injury.  
FREE WHEEL  
(Automatic Models only)  
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,  
might result in minor or moderate injury.  
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,  
indicates a situation that could result in damage  
to the tractor and/or engine.  
Failure to follow instructions  
could result in serious injury or  
death. The safety alert symbol  
is used to identify safety inform-  
ation about hazards which can  
result in death, serious injury  
and/or property damage.  
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,  
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury  
and/or property damage.  
FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,  
could result in death, serious injury and/or  
property damage.  
11  
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KNOWYOUR TRACTOR  
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATINGYOUR  
TRACTOR  
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of  
various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.  
Ignition Switch  
Attachment  
Clutch Lever  
Light Switch Position  
Ammeter  
Lift Lever  
Plunger  
Throttle/Choke  
Control  
Attachment  
Lift Lever  
Clutch/  
Brake  
Pedal  
Parking Brake Lever  
Gearshift Lever  
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the  
American National Standards Institute.  
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER - Used  
to engage the mower blades, or other at-  
tachments mounted to your tractor.  
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to release  
attachment lift lever when changing its  
position.  
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to  
LIGHT SWITCH POSITION - Turns the  
raise, lower, and adjust the mower deck or headlights on and off.  
other attachments mounted to your tractor. PARKING BRAKE LEVER - Locks clutch/  
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL - Used for  
declutching and braking the tractor and  
starting the engine.  
GEARSHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed  
and direction of tractor.  
brake pedal into the brake position.  
THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL - Used  
for starting and controlling engine speed.  
AMMETER - Indicates charging (+) or discharg-  
ing (-) of battery.  
IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting  
and stopping the engine.  
12  
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The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the  
eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses  
or eye shields while operating your tractor or performing any adjustments  
or repairs. We recommend a wide vision safety mask over spectacles or  
standard safety glasses.  
00155  
IMPORTANT: Leaving the ignition switch in  
any position other than "STOP" will cause  
the battery to discharge and go dead.  
NOTE: Under certain conditions when  
tractor is standing idle with the engine  
running, hot engine exhaust gases may  
cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate  
this possibility, always stop engine when  
stopping tractor on grass areas.  
HOW TO USEYOUR TRACTOR  
TO SET PARKING BRAKE  
Your tractor is equipped with an operator  
presence sensing switch. When engine  
is running, any attempt by the operator  
to leave the seat without first setting the  
parking brake will shut off the engine.  
1. Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way  
down and hold.  
2. Pull parking brake lever up and  
release pressure from clutch/brake  
pedal. Pedal should remain in brake  
position. Make sure parking brake will  
hold tractor secure.  
CAUTION: Always stop tractor  
completely, as described above, before  
leaving the operator's position.  
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL  
Always operate engine at full throttle.  
• Operating engine at less than full  
throttle reduces the battery charging  
rate.  
• Full throttle offers the best bagging and  
mower performance.  
Attachment Clutch Lever  
Throttle/Choke  
Control  
“Engaged” Position  
Ignition Key  
“Disengaged”  
Position  
Clutch/  
Parking  
TO MOVE FORWARD AND  
BACKWARD  
The direction and speed of movement is  
controlled by the gearshift lever.  
1. Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal  
depressed and gearshift lever in neu-  
tral (N) position.  
2. Move gearshift lever to desired position.  
3. Slowly release clutch/brake pedal to  
start movement.  
IMPORTANT: Bring tractor to a complete  
stop before shifting or changing gears.  
Failure to do so will shorten the useful life  
of your transaxle.  
Brake  
Brake  
Pedal  
“Engaged”  
01844  
Position  
Gearshift  
“Brake”  
“Disengaged”  
Position  
Lever  
Position  
STOPPING  
MOWER BLADES -  
To stop mower blades, move at-  
tachment clutch lever to disengaged  
position.  
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT  
The position of the attachment lift lever  
GROUND DRIVE -  
determines the cutting height.  
To stop ground drive, depress clutch/  
brake pedal all the way down.  
• Move gearshift lever to neutral (N)  
position.  
• Grasp lift lever.  
• Press plunger with thumb and move  
lever to desired position.  
The cutting height range is approxi-  
mately 1-1/2 to 4". The heights are  
measured from the ground to the blade  
tip with the engine not running. These  
heights are approximate and may vary  
depending upon soil conditions, height of  
grass and types of grass being mowed.  
• The average lawn should be cut to  
approximately 2-1/2 inches during  
the cool season and to over 3 inches  
during hot months. For healthier and  
better looking lawns, mow often and  
after moderate growth.  
ENGINE -  
• Move throttle control to slow position.  
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control  
to slow position to allow engine to idle  
before stopping may cause engine to  
“backfire”.  
Turn ignition key to “STOP” position and  
remove key. Always remove key when  
leaving tractor to prevent unauthorized  
use.  
• Never use choke to stop engine.  
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Attachment Clutch Lever  
“Engaged” Position  
• For best cutting performance, grass  
over 6 inches in height should be  
mowed twice. Make the first cut rela-  
tively high; the second to desired height.  
Attachemnt  
Lift Lever  
High Position  
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS  
Low  
Position  
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted  
when they are slightly off the ground when  
mower is at the desired cutting height in  
operating position. Gauge wheels then  
keep the deck in proper position to help  
prevent scalping in most terrain conditions.  
NOTE: Adjust gauge wheels with tractor  
on a flat level surface.  
“Disengaged”  
Position  
1. Adjust mower to desired cutting height  
(See “TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING  
HEIGHT” in this section of manual).  
2. With mower in desired height of cut  
position, gauge wheels should be  
assembled so they are slightly off the  
ground. Install gauge wheel in ap-  
propriate hole with shoulder bolt, 3/8  
washer, and 3/8-16 locknut and tighten  
securely.  
Deflector  
Shield  
01931  
TO OPERATE ON HILLS  
WARNING: Do not drive up or down  
hills with slopes greater than 15° and do  
not drive across any slope. Use the slope  
guide provided at the back of this manual.  
• Choose the slowest speed before start-  
ing up or down hills.  
• Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.  
• If slowing is necessary, move throttle  
control lever to slower position.  
3. Repeat for opposite side, installing  
gauge wheel in same adjustment hole.  
Gauge  
Wheel  
Mounting  
Bracket  
• If stopping is absolutely necessary, push  
clutch/brake pedal quickly to brake posi-  
tion and engage parking brake.  
• Move gearshift lever to 1st gear. Be  
sure you have allowed room for tractor  
to roll slightly as you restart movement.  
To restart movement, slowly release  
parking brake and clutch/brake pedal.  
• Make all turns slowly.  
3/8-16  
Locknut  
Shoulder  
Bolt  
3/8 Washer  
Gauge Wheel  
TO TRANSPORT  
• Raise attachment lift to highest position  
with attachment lift control.  
• When pushing or towing your tractor,  
be sure gearshift lever is in neutral (N)  
position.  
TO OPERATE MOWER  
Your tractor is equipped with an operator  
presence sensing switch. Any attempt  
by the operator to leave the seat with the  
engine running and the attachment clutch  
engaged will shut off the engine.You must  
remain fully and centrally positioned in the  
seat to prevent the engine from hesitating  
or cutting off when operating your equip-  
ment on rough, rolling terrain or hills.  
1. Select desired height of cut.  
2. Start mower blades by engaging at-  
tachment clutch control.  
TO STOP MOWER BLADES -  
disengage attachment clutch control.  
• Do not push or tow tractor at more than  
five (5) MPH.  
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when  
transporting your tractor on a truck or a  
trailer, be sure hood is closed and secured  
to tractor. Use an appropriate means of  
tying hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).  
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACH-  
MENTS  
Tow only the attachments that are recom-  
mended by and comply with specifications  
of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use  
common sense when towing. Too heavy  
of a load, while on a slope, is dangerous.  
Tires can lose traction with the ground and  
cause you to lose control of your tractor.  
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower  
without either the entire grass catcher,  
on mowers so equipped, or the deflector  
shield in place.  
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BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE  
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL  
The engine in your tractor has been  
shipped, from the factory, already filled  
with summer weight oil.  
1. Check engine oil with tractor on level  
ground.  
2. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe  
clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw  
cap tight, wait for a few seconds, re-  
move and read oil level. If necessary,  
add oil until “FULLmark on dipstick is  
reached. Do not overfill.  
• For cold weather operation you should  
change oil for easier starting (See “OIL  
VISCOSITY CHART” in the Mainte-  
nance section of this manual).  
To change engine oil, see the Mainte-  
nance section in this manual.  
TO START ENGINE  
When starting the engine for the first time  
or if the engine has run out of fuel, it will  
take extra cranking time to move fuel from  
the tank to the engine.  
1. Sit on seat in operating position,  
depress clutch/brake pedal and set  
parking brake.  
2. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N)  
position.  
3. Move attachment clutch to disengaged  
position.  
4. Move throttle control to choke position.  
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm  
and cold starting procedures below.  
5. Insert key into ignition and turn key  
clockwise to start position and release  
key as soon as engine starts. Do not run  
starter continuously for more than fifteen  
seconds per minute. If the engine does  
not start after several attempts, move  
throttle control to fast position, wait a few  
minutes and try again. If engine still does  
not start, move the throttle control back to  
the choke position and retry.  
ADD GASOLINE  
• Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do  
not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular  
unleaded gasoline with a minimum of  
87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will  
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits  
and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil  
with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quan-  
tities that can be used within 30 days to  
assure fuel freshness.  
CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or  
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline  
near an open flame.  
IMPORTANT: When operating in temper-  
atures below32°F(0°C), use fresh, clean  
winter grade gasoline to help insure good  
cold weather starting.  
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and  
above)  
6. When engine starts, move the throttle  
control to the fast position.  
• The attachments and ground drive can  
now be used. If the engine does not  
accept the load, restart the engine and  
allow it to warm up for one minute using  
the choke as described above.  
COLD WEATHER STARTING ( 50° F and  
below)  
6. When engine starts, leave throttle control  
in choke position until engine warms up  
and begins to run roughly. Once rough  
running begins, immediately move the  
throttle control to the fast position. Engine  
warm-up may take from several seconds  
to several minutes (the colder the tem-  
perature, the longer the warm-up).  
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels  
(called gasohol or using ethanol or metha-  
nol) can attract moisture which leads to  
separation and formation of acids during  
storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel  
system of an engine while in storage. To  
avoid engine problems, the fuel system  
should be emptied before storage of 30  
days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start  
the engine and let it run until the fuel lines  
and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel  
next season. See Storage Instructions for  
additional information. Never use engine  
or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel  
tank or permanent damage may occur.  
• The attachments can also be used dur-  
ing the engine warm-up period.  
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000  
feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 F)  
the carburetor fuel mixture may need to  
be adjusted for best engine performance  
(see “TO ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the  
Service and Adjustments section of this  
manual).  
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IMPORTANT: For best performance, keep  
mower housing free of built-up grass and  
trash. Clean after each use.  
MOWING TIPS  
• Mower should be properly leveled for  
best mowing performance. See “TO  
LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the  
Service and Adjustments section of this  
manual.  
• The special mulching blade will recut  
the grass clippings many times and  
reduce them in size so that as they fall  
onto the lawn they will disperse into  
the grass and not be noticed. Also, the  
mulched grass will biodegrade quickly  
to provide nutrients for the lawn. Always  
mulch with your highest engine (blade)  
speed as this will provide the best recut-  
ting action of the blades.  
• Avoid cutting your lawn when it is wet.  
Wet grass tends to form clumps and  
interferes with the mulching action. The  
best time to mow your lawn is the early  
afternoon. At this time the grass has  
dried, yet the newly cut area will not be  
exposed to direct sunlight.  
• The left hand side of mower should be  
used for trimming.  
• Drive so that clippings are discharged  
onto the area that has already been  
cut. Have the cut area to the right of  
the tractor. This will result in a more  
even distribution of clippings and more  
uniform cutting.  
• When mowing large areas, start by  
turning to the right so that clippings will  
discharge away from shrubs, fences,  
driveways, etc. After one or two rounds,  
mow in the opposite direction making  
left hand turns until finished.  
For best results, adjust the mower  
cutting height so that the mower cuts  
off only the top one-third of the grass  
blades. For extremely heavy grass, re-  
duce your width of cut on each pass and  
mow slowly.  
MAX 1/3  
00272  
• If grass is extremely tall, it should be  
mowed twice to reduce load and pos-  
sible fire hazard from dried clippings.  
Make first cut relatively high; the second  
to the desired height.  
• Do not mow grass when it is wet.  
Wet grass will plug mower and leave  
undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry  
before mowing.  
Always operate engine at full throttle  
when mowing to assure better mow-  
ing performance and proper discharge  
of material. Regulate ground speed by  
selecting a low enough gear to give the  
mower cutting performance as well as  
the quality of cut desired.  
• When operating attachments, select a  
ground speed that will suit the terrain  
and give best performance of the at-  
tachment being used.  
mulcher_9  
• Certain types of grass and grass  
conditions may require that an area be  
mulched a second time to completely  
hide the clippings. When doing a sec-  
ond cut, mow across (perpendicular) to  
the first cut path.  
• Change your cutting pattern from week  
to week. Mow north to south one week  
then change to east to west the next  
week. This will help prevent matting and  
graining of the lawn.  
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