Husqvarna Lawn Mower ZTH5223A User Manual

Operator’s Manual for:  
MODELS / I.D. : 968 99 91-53 / ZTH5223A  
968 99 91-54 / ZTH5225A  
968 99 91-55 / ZTH6125A  
Thank you for buying an HUSQVARNA! Before operating your new mower, read, understand  
and follow the important safety instructions and the other instructions contained in this manual.  
Lawnmowers and all power equipment, can be potentially dangerous if used improperly.  
MANUAL NO. 539104771 REV.01 (05/23/00)  
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1. Training  
2. Preparation  
3. Operation  
4. Transportation  
5. Maintenance  
1. Engine oil level  
2. Pump drive belt compartment  
3. Mower blades  
4. Safety interlock system  
5. Hardware  
6. Air cleaner  
7. Engine oil  
8. Hydraulic oil  
9. Tire pressure  
10. Battery  
1. Park brake  
2. Cutting height  
3. Mower deck leveling  
4. Mule drive belt tension  
5.Throttle lever tension  
11. Belts  
12. Lubrication  
6. Reverse spring detent adjustment  
7. Motion control linkage adjustment  
13. Fuel filter  
14. Hydraulic filter and oil  
15. Caster swivel nuts  
1. Controls  
2. Starting and operation  
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1. Read this manual carefully and question your dealer if something is not clear.  
2. Be thoroughly familiar with the controls and proper use of the equipment.  
3. Never allow children, teenagers, or people unfamiliar with these instructions to use the  
4. Do not mow while people, particularly children, or pets are nearby.  
1. The use of personal protective equipment such as (but not limited to) protection for the  
eyes, ears, feet and head is recommended.  
2. Never operate the mower without proper guards, covers, safety switches and devices in  
place and properly functioning. Inspect these items daily for their condition and proper op-  
eration. If the condition or operation of any of these devices is questionable they must be  
replaced or repaired before using the mower.  
3. Thoroughly inspect the area to be mowed and remove all stones, sticks, wire and other  
debris that may be thrown by the mower. Also note or mark other obstacles such as holes,  
stumps, etc..  
4. Do not operate the mower when barefoot or wearing open shoes. Always wear substantial  
footwear and long pants.  
5. Fill gas tank(s) before starting mower. DO NOT SMOKE near gasoline containers. Do not  
fill gas tank indoors or when engine is hot or running. Clean off any spilled gasoline before  
starting the mower.  
1. Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.  
2. Do not operate the mower in wet grass if possible.  
3. Mow up and down slopes. Use extreme caution when mowing or turning on slopes.  
Always turn to the downhill side. Do not mow excessively steep slopes ( mower may tip  
over and cause injury or death ).  
4. Use caution when backing up.  
5. Stop the blades when crossing surfaces other than grass; or when traveling to and from  
the area to be mowed.  
6. Never operate the mower with defective, broken or excessively worn parts. Keep all  
guards, shields, and safety devices in place and in proper working order.  
7. Do not change the engine governor settings or over speed the engine. Operating the  
engine at excessive speeds will increase the hazard of injury and can severely damage your  
8. Keep hands, feet and clothing away from rotating parts when operating mower.  
9. Stop the blades and engine and set park brake before leaving the operators position for  
any reason.  
10. Never make adjustments to the mower while engine and/or blades are running.  
11. After striking a foreign object, stop mower and remove key. Inspect the mower for any  
damage and repair it immediately before continuing to mow.  
12. Never operate this equipment in an enclosed or confined area without proper ventilation  
of the engine exhaust.  
13. Do not allow any passengers to ride on the mower. It is designed for the operator only.  
Keep others away from the mower when in operation.  
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14. Do not operate in an unsafe manner. Use caution when making maneuvers. Sharp  
cornering, turning & slopes can be unsafe if caution isn’t used.  
Use a heavy duty trailer to haul mower. Set park brake, turn off fuel valve and strap mower to  
trailer. NOTE: Park brake will not hold mower in place when transporting. Be sure to tie down  
the mower to the trailer. Always back onto the trailer to prevent possible tipover.  
1. Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight to keep mower in safe operating condition.  
2. Engine maintenance should comply with engine manufactures specifications. See the  
engine manual for specifications.  
3. Never store the mower with gas in the tank inside a building where fumes can reach an  
open flame or spark.  
4. To reduce the risk of fire, keep the mower free of grass, leaves and excessive grease or oil.  
5. Have your mower inspected and serviced each year by an authorized Husqvarna dealer.  
6. Use only authentic Husqvarna replacement parts to insure the safety and quality of your  
mower is maintained.  
7. Safety decals should be replaced if they are missing or illegible. Decals can be purchased  
from your Husqvarna dealer.  
8. The hydraulic system including all hoses and fittings should be checked frequently for wear or  
leaks. Never check for leaks with your hands, use a piece of cardboard or wood. Hydraulic oil  
under pressure could be injected into your body and must be surgically removed within a few  
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1. Uncrate mower  
2. Mount drive wheels using the four lug nuts installed on the hub.  
3. Check tire pressure in all four tires. Pressure for all four tires is 15 psi  
4. Remove the motion control levers and install on the outside of the control arms (See figure  
1). Tabs on the motion control levers should be directed to the rear of the mower. Align the  
levers so they are even in the neutral position. (See figure 6)  
5. Install seat rod to the seat frame with 5/16" hardware. Seat rod is located under the seat in  
the hydraulic pump area. Attach the rod to the tab on the seat frame.  
6. Check engine oil with dip stick. Add if needed per engine manufactures specifications.  
(See Kohler engine manual engine specifications.)  
Normally filled with Quaker State 10W30 and ran in at the factory.  
7. See enclosed literature for proper installation, care and charging of battery.  
8. Loosen the discharge chute slightly and lower into position. Chute should be snug but still  
pivot freely.  
Figure 1  
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1. Stop engine and remove key. Release park brake and measure the length of the spring.  
The distance between the washers on each end of the spring should be 2-7/8" (See Fig 2 ).  
2. If adjustment is needed, loosen the nut below the spring. Then rotate nut to desired  
position so the proper distance between the washers is obtained. Check other side for proper  
3. Engage the brake lever and measure the distance between the trunnion pin and the collar  
welded to the brake rod. Distance should be 3/16" to 1/4" (See Fig 2 ).  
4. If adjustment is needed, loosen the lock nut directly below the yoke. Using a wrench,  
rotate the rod by turning the double nuts using the nuts below the yoke and the nut you just  
loosened, to obtain the 3/16" to 1/4" distance. Tighten nut against yoke and check other side  
for proper adjustment.  
1. Stop the mower and disengage the blades.  
2. Raise the deck height lever to the transport position.  
3. Remove the height adjustment pin and place it in the desired cutting height hole. Move  
deck height lever down onto the pin and mow. NOTE: anti-scalp rollers must be in the proper  
position for maximum deck floatation. See the decal on the front deck.  
1. Position mower on a flat surface and stop engine.  
2. Check the tire pressure of all four tires. Inflation should be 15 psi.  
3. Place two 2x4’s on edge under the cutting deck from front to rear and lower the deck down  
onto the 2x4’s.  
4. Adjust the four upper chain bolts to the center of the slot in the deck lift arms. NOTE: make  
sure deck lift blocks are tightly bolted to the frame (See Fig 3).  
5. Return the deck height lever to the transport position (5" cutting height) and check the  
center to center distance of the swivels. Distance should be 19-1/2"  
6. Check the distance between the washers on the deck lift springs. Distance should be  
11-3/4" (See Fig 3).  
7. Check chains for equal tension. If unequal, adjust upper chain bolt in slot.  
8. Place deck in the 5" cutting height and measure from the cutting edge of the blade to a flat  
surface to check deck cutting height.  
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Figure 3  
1. Stop engine and remove the key.  
2. Check to make sure the bolt head in the spring loaded idler pulley, on the left side of the  
engine deck is positioned between the two alignment holes in the left support plate  
(See Fig 4).  
3. If adjustment is necessary, loosen the adjustable idler pulley on the right hand side of the  
engine deck so it can move up and down in the slot. Place a wrench on the 3/8" nut in the  
center of the spring loaded idler pulley and rotate the idler upward to relieve the tension on  
the belt. Reposition the right side pulley in the slot and tighten. Recheck alignment of the  
bolt on the spring loaded idler.  
Figure 4  
1. Stop engine and remove key.  
2. If throttle lever becomes loose, tension may be adjusted by tightening the pivot bolt. The  
pivot bolt holds the throttle arm to the throttle mounting bracket which is located under the  
console. Access is gained by removing the foot plate and the kick plate. See page 3.  
1. Stop engine and remove key.  
2. Rotate seat latches out to release seat. Located at the bottom rear of seat. Put seat in rear  
slide position, tilt seat forward, remove seat stop rod bolt and nut, tilt seat forward to rest on  
front frame.  
3. Start with either the right or left motion control lever. Move the motion control lever to the  
neutral position then pull the lever back until the clevis pin (on the arm below the pivot shaft)  
comes into contact with the end of the slot. At this point slight spring pressure should be felt  
( See Fig 5a).  
4. Check where motion control lever is relative to the neutral slot in the console. The lever  
should be centered to allow it to pivot outward into the neutral slot.  
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5. If adjustment is necessary, loosen the nut against the yoke. Apply slight rearward pres-  
sure to the motion control lever and turn the head of the adjustment bolt in the proper direc-  
tion until the lever is centered in the neutral slot. NOTE: if properly adjusted the motion  
control levers will return to neutral from the reverse position and reverse motion will stop if  
levers are released.  
Figure 5A  
Figure 5B  
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1. This adjustment must be made with the drive wheels rotating. Raise rear of the unit and  
block it up so the wheels are free to rotate. CAUTION: Keep hands, feet and clothing away  
from rotating tires.  
2. Tilt seat forward and remove the seat rod from seat so the seat can rotate down onto the  
frame. Make sure the seat is adjusted toward the rear of the unit so it clears the controls on  
the console.  
3. Place a 2x4 board approximately 10 to 12 inches long between the foot plate and the center of  
the seat to engage the seat safety switch. NOTE: You may want to cover the end of the 2x4 with  
a rag to protect the seat from marring.  
4. The reverse spring detent must be adjusted correctly before the motion control linkages  
may be adjusted.(See reverse spring detent adjustment section.)  
5. Loosen the nuts directly behind each ball joint on both rods that connect the pump arm to  
the motion control assemblies. (See Fig 5 )  
6. Start the engine. The park brake must be engaged and the motion control levers must be  
in the neutral slot (See figure 6 page10) to start the engine. Run engine at approximately 1/  
2 throttle.  
7. Release park brake to allow wheels to rotate. CAUTION: Keep hands, feet and clothing  
away from rotating tires.  
8. Begin with either side and put the motion control lever into the neutral position. Adjust the  
motion control linkage by rotating the double nuts on the rod in the proper direction until the  
wheel stops rotating (See Fig 5 ).  
Move the motion control lever forward then into the neutral position and place it into the  
neutral slot. The wheel must be stopped completely at this point. Now do the same in reverse  
and release the lever. The lever should return to neutral on its own. If not see reverse spring  
detent adjustment section.  
9. Run engine at full throttle to make sure wheels do not rotate. Readjust if any rotation  
10. Repeat on the opposite side and tighten nuts against ball joints.  
11. Remove the 2x4 board and make sure the seat wiring is connected to the wiring harness.  
WARNING: Seat must be connected for safety interlock system to properly function.  
1. Be thoroughly familiar with all controls their function and how to operate them before  
operating the mower.  
2. Motion control levers located on each side of the console control direction of movement.  
The left lever controls the flow of oil from the left hydro pump to the left wheel motor. The right  
lever controls the flow of oil from the right hydro pump to the right wheel motor.  
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NOTE: To begin motion the operator must be in the seat and the brake disengaged before  
the levers can be moved from the neutral slots or the engine will kill.  
By moving the levers an equal amount forward or back the mower will move in a straight line  
in that direction.  
Movement of the right lever forward will cause the right wheel to rotate in a forward direction.  
Movement of the left lever forward will cause the left wheel to rotate in a forward direction. To  
stop forward travel pull levers back into the neutral position.  
To turn right while moving in a forward direction pull the right lever back towards the neutral  
position, this will slow the right wheel and cause the mower to turn in that direction.  
To turn left while moving in forward direction pull the left lever back towards the neutral  
position, this will slow the left wheel and cause the mower to turn in that direction.  
To zero turn pull one lever back beyond neutral while holding the other slightly ahead of  
neutral. NOTE: The direction of the zero turn will be determined by which lever is pulled back  
beyond neutral. Thus, left lever back, left turn and opposite for right turn. Use caution when  
using this maneuver unit can spin very rapidly if one lever is positioned too much  
ahead of the other.  
3. Blade engagement switch: Located on the console. Pull up on switch to engage blades,  
push down to turn blades off. See page 3  
4. Choke control: Located on the console. Pull out on knob to set choke. Use when starting  
cold engine do not run choke when engine is warm. See page 3  
5. Throttle control: Located on the console. Used to control engine RPM. See page 3  
6. Park brake: Located at the left end of the console. Pull lever back to engage the park  
brake, push lever forward to release brake. NOTE: Use tie downs when transporting unit, the  
park brake is not enough to hold the unit in place in this situation. See page 3  
7. Key switch: Located on the console. The operator must be in the seat, park brake on,  
motion control levers out in the neutral slots and blade switch off before engine will start. See  
page 3  
8. Fuel shut off valve: Located on the front of console at the top of the kick plate. The valve  
has three positions left tank, right tank and straight down is the off position. See page 3  
9. Pump release valves: Located at the top left corner of the pumps. Used to release the  
system so unit may be moved by hand when not running. Tilt the seat up to gain access to the  
pumps. Rotate valve towards the front of the unit to release the system using a 5/8 wrench.  
NOTE: Only rotate about a 1/4 of a turn to release system.  
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1. Operator must be sitting in the seat. Engage park brake, blades off and place the motion  
control levers in the neutral slots. (See figure 6)  
2. Adjust throttle to 1/2 and set choke (if needed) turn key and release as soon as engine  
3. Release park brake.  
4. Close motion control levers.  
5. Engage blades and set RPM to maximum. NOTE: Be sure all persons are clear of area  
before engaging the blades. To prolong spindle bearing and belt life engage and disengage  
blades at approximately 1\2 throttle  
Figure 6  
1. Mow only in daylight or good artificial  
2. Do not operate the mower in wet grass if  
3. Mow up and down slopes. Use caution  
when mowing or turning on slopes. Always  
turn to the downhill side. Do not mow ex-  
cessively steep slopes ( mower may tip  
over and cause injury or death).  
4. Use caution when backing up.  
5. Stop the blades when crossing surfaces  
other than grass; or when traveling to and  
from the area to be mowed.  
Sharp, high speed, maneuvers on pave-  
ment or asphalt may reduce the life of the  
traction drive components. Slow down  
when maneuvering, loading or unloading  
especially on pavement or asphalt.  
Do not alter any drive component,  
including pumps, motors, wheels, rims  
and tires.  
6. Do not operate in an unsafe manner. Use  
caution when making maneuvers. Sharp  
cornering, turning, & slopes can be unsafe  
if caution isn’t used.  
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1. Engine oil level: Check daily with engine cold and on a flat surface. Remove the dipstick and wipe  
clean. Reinsert the dipstick all the way. Remove the dipstick and check oil level. If oil level is low  
remove oil fill cap and add oil. Use engine manufacturers specifications for type of oil.  
2. Pump drive belt compartment: Stop engine and remove key. Tilt seat forward and lift rubber flap.  
Clean all debris from inside. Inspect rubber flap for proper fit and replace if needed. NOTE: Cleaning  
may need to be done more frequently in dry conditions.  
3. Mower blades: Stop engine and remove key. Lift deck into the transport position and inspect blades.  
Sharpen or replace as needed. Check daily or more often if needed. The machine requires more  
power with dull blades and gives a poor cut. If blades get bent, replace them. Blades shouldn’t have  
any notches from hitting objects. The air foil on top of the blade should be sufficient to raise the grass  
for cutting. If blades are in good condition, sharpen at an angle of 22 to 28 degrees about 2-1/2  
inches in from the tips. Note: After sharpening, check blades for proper balance, if needed correct  
balance to prevent excessive vibration.  
4. Safety interlock system: Check daily and never operate the mower if this system is not functioning  
properly. The starter should crank only when the operator is in the seat, the park brake set, blades off  
and the motion control levers in the neutral slots. If the mower starts with any of these controls on or in  
an operating position, turn the mower off and repair the system immediately.  
5. Hardware: Stop engine and remove key thoroughly inspect the entire machine for any missing or  
loose hardware. Check daily.  
6. Air cleaner: Stop engine and remove key. Remove plastic cover and loosen wingnut on the air  
cleaner. Remove the foam pre-cleaner and wash or replace if needed. Inspect paper filter and replace  
if dirty. Check every 25 hours, daily if in very dirty conditions. Fuel efficiency, engine RPM, and  
available power goes down rapidly if the air filter is dirty. Prolonged effects could damage the engine.  
7. Engine oil: Change oil to manufacturers specifications. Stop engine and remove key. Drain oil  
when engine is warm. Thoroughly clean around cap before removing. Remove oil drain cap  
from the end of drain hose located at the right rear of unit allow to drain and replace drain cap. Re-  
move oil filter and replace. Put a light coat of clean oil on the filter gasket before installing. Fill engine  
with oil using manufacturers specifications. The factory uses Quaker State Super Blend 10w-30.  
Start engine and idle slowly to allow the oil to recoat the interior of the engine and then inspect for  
8. Hydraulic oil: Check daily. Stop engine and tilt seat forward. Thoroughly clean around cap. Re-  
move cap. Oil level should be 1/4” to 1” below the neck of the tank. If not, add oil.  
NOTE: Use 20w-50 motor oil.  
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9. Tire pressure: Check every 25 to 50 hours.All four tires require 15 psi.  
10. Battery: Check every 25 hours. Check electrolyte level. If needed fill to the full line marked on  
the side of the battery. Fill with distilled water. Do not try starting the engine with a weak battery.  
Recharge or replace the battery. The engine condensers and electronic ignition can be dam-  
aged internally with less than or more than the required 12 volts.  
11. Belts: Check every 25 hours. Stop engine and remove key. Check the condition of all  
belts. The pump belt located under the seat and rubber engine flap. The front deck belt and  
the mule drive belt.  
Front caster pivots  
Front wheels  
Deck lift blocks  
12. Lubrication (every 25 hours):  
Park brake assemblies  
Deck lift pivot  
Pump idler pivot  
Deck idler pivot  
(Clean grease zerk thoroughly before greasing)  
13. Fuel filter: Replace annually or as needed.  
14. Hydraulic filter and oil: Change every 500 hours or yearly. Stop engine and remove key. Tilt  
seat forward and clean around the filter and the fittings under the hydraulic tank. Remove the filter  
and allow any oil to drain from the filter head. Then replace with new filter. Use only Husqvarna p/  
n 539102606, filter which has a bypass valve it and the correct micron filter. Loosen hose from  
fitting under hydraulic tank and allow tank to drain, reinstall hose to fitting. Fill tank with 20w - 50  
motor oil to 1/4” to 1” below neck of tank and replace cap. Block up the rear of unit until wheels  
will rotate freely and start engine at a slow idle, move the motion control levers forward and run for  
several minutes. Stop engine and recheck oil level. If wheels don’t response an air lock has  
occurred within the hydraulic system. Bleed air from lines, or let stand overnight to allow the air  
time to dissipate out of the oil. Retry responses & check the oil level. Note: Serious damage to  
the pumps and wheel motors can occur if the system is ran with an air lock. See the specification  
sheet for the correct kind of oil. The factory uses Quaker State Deluxe Motor Oil 20w-50.  
15. Caster swivel nuts: Check at 250 hours for tightness. Remove cotter pin and tighten castle  
nut. Do not over tighten. Rotate nut back so a slot in the castle nut lines up with the hole in the  
spindle and install cotter pin.  
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1. Blade switch on.  
Engine won’t start  
2. Drive levers not in the neutral slots.  
3. Operator not in seat.  
4. Park brake disengaged.  
5. Dead battery or cable off.  
....(Ignition switch left on)  
6. Fuel valve closed or in the wrong position.  
7. No fuel.  
8. Spark plug wires off.  
9. Bad spark plugs.  
1. Park brake on.  
Mower will not move  
2. Pump bypass valves open.  
3. Pump drive belt loose or off.  
4. Hydraulic system failure.  
5. Air in the hydraulic system.  
or moves slowly or hard  
Blades won’t engage  
1. Blade belt off of pulleys or mule drive belt off.  
2. Clutch unhooked from harness.  
...(wire ties need to allow room for clutch movement)  
3. Blade switch failure.  
4. Fuse burnt out.  
1. Deck not level.  
Uneven cut  
2. Tire pressure uneven. (15 psi all tires)  
3. Blades bent (check tip to tip one blade thickness)  
4. Air foil of blade worn or bent.  
Cut is ragged  
1. Blades dull.  
2. Ground speed too fast.  
3. Grass accumulation under deck.  
Mower moves when  
in neutral position  
1. Motion control linkage out of adjustment.  
2. Pump arms loose or out of adjustment.  
3. Park brake adjustment, brake pad worn,  
or brake mounting hardware loose.  
Mower pulls left or right  
1. Tire pressure uneven.  
2. Motion control linkage adjustment.  
3. Soft terrian.  
4. Slope too steep.  
When a problem occurs, do not overlook the simple causes.  
For example, no fuel or battery disconnected when the engine will not start.  
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