Husqvarna Lawn Mower 327RJx User Manual

Operator’s manual (EPA)  
327RJ  
X-series  
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you understand the instructions  
before using the machine.  
English  
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CONTENTS  
Contents  
Note the following before  
starting:  
KEY TO SYMBOLS  
Symbols ................................................................  
CONTENTS  
Please read the operator’s manual carefully.  
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission  
control devices and system may be performed by any  
nonroad engine repair establishment or individual.  
Contents ...............................................................  
Note the following before starting: ........................  
INTRODUCTION  
Dear customer! .....................................................  
WHAT IS WHAT?  
5
WARNING! Long-term exposure to noise  
can result in permanent hearing  
impairment. So always use approved  
hearing protection.  
!
What is what on the trimmer? ...............................  
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  
Important ..............................................................  
Personal protective equipment .............................  
Machines safety equipment .................................  
Cutting equipment ................................................ 10  
ASSEMBLY  
Fitting the J-handle .............................................. 12  
Assembling the cutting equipment ....................... 12  
Fitting the blade guard/combination guard, grass  
WARNING! Under no circumstances may  
the design of the machine be modified  
without the permission of the  
manufacturer. Always use genuine  
accessories. Non-authorized  
modifications and/or accessories can  
result in serious personal injury or the  
death of the operator or others.  
!
blade and grass cutter .......................................... 12  
Fitting other guards and cutting attachments ....... 13  
FUEL HANDLING  
Fuel safety ............................................................ 14  
Fuel ...................................................................... 14  
Fueling .................................................................. 15  
STARTING AND STOPPING  
Check before starting ........................................... 16  
Starting and stopping ........................................... 16  
WORKING TECHNIQUES  
Your warranty may not cover damage or  
liability caused by the use of non-  
authorized accessories or replacement  
parts.  
WARNING! A clearing saw, brushcutter  
or trimmer can be dangerous if used  
incorrectly or carelessly, and can cause  
serious or fatal injury to the operator or  
others. It is extremely important that you  
read and understand the contents of this  
operator’s manual.  
!
General working instructions ................................ 18  
MAINTENANCE  
Carburetor ............................................................ 21  
Muffler .................................................................. 23  
Cooling system ..................................................... 23  
Spark plug ............................................................ 23  
Air filter ................................................................. 24  
Bevel gear ............................................................ 24  
Maintenance schedule ......................................... 25  
TECHNICAL DATA  
This engine label certifies that the product is certified in  
accordance with American exhaust emissions  
Technical data ...................................................... 26  
requirements EPA Ph II and Californian exhaust and  
evaporative emissions requirements CARB Tier III. The  
Emissions Compliance Period referred to on the  
emissions compliance label indicates the number of  
operating hours for which the engine has shown to meet  
Federal and Californian emission requirements.Category  
C = 50 hours, B = 125 hours, and A = 300 hours.  
FEDERAL AND CALIFORNIA EMISSIONS  
CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT  
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS 27  
The engine exhaust from this product  
contains chemical known to the State  
of California to cause cancer, birth  
defects or other reproductive harm.  
English 3  
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INTRODUCTION  
Dear customer!  
Congratulations on your choice to buy a Husqvarna product! Husqvarna is based on a tradition that dates back to 1689,  
when the Swedish King Karl XI ordered the construction of a factory on the banks of the Huskvarna River, for production  
of muskets. The location was logical, since water power was harnessed from the Huskvarna River to create the water-  
powered plant. During over 300 years of continuous operation, the Husqvarna factory has produced a lot of different  
products, from wood stoves to modern kitchen appliances, sewing machines, bicycles, motorcycles etc. In 1956, the first  
motor driven lawn mowers appeared, followed by chain saws in 1959, and it is within this area Husqvarna is working  
today.  
Today Husqvarna is one of the leading manufacturers in the world of forest and garden products, with quality as our  
highest priority. We develop, manufacture and market high quality motor driven products for forestry and gardening as  
well as for building and construction industry.  
Your purchase gives you access to professional help with repairs and service whenever this may be necessary. If the  
retailer who sells your machine is not one of our authorized dealers, ask for the address of your nearest servicing dealer.  
It is our wish that you will be satisfied with your product and that it will be your companion for a long time. Think of this  
operators manual as a valuable document. By following itscontent (using, service, maintenance etc) the life span and  
the second-hand value of the machine can be extended. If you ever lend or sell this machine, make sure that the  
borrower or buyer gets the operators manual, so they will also know how to properly maintain and use it.  
Thank you for using a Husqvarna product.  
Husqvarna AB has a policy of continuous product development and therefore reserves the right to modify the design and  
appearance of products without prior notice.  
4 – English  
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WHAT IS WHAT?  
3
2
1
29  
6
28  
8
4
10  
30  
9
5
17  
11  
18  
16  
1
24  
27  
7
13  
25  
14  
21  
15  
12  
26  
19  
4
22  
20  
23  
What is what on the trimmer?  
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Trimmer head  
16 Handle adjustment  
17 Locking nut  
18 Support flange  
19 Drive disc  
Grease filler cap, bevel gear  
Bevel gear  
Cutting attachment guard  
Shaft  
20 Socket spanner  
21 Operator’s manual  
22 Allen key  
Loop handle  
Throttle control  
Stop switch  
23 Locking pin  
24 Support cup  
25 Blade  
Throttle lockout  
10 Cylinder cover  
11 Starter handle  
12 Fuel tank  
26 Transport guard  
27 J-handle  
13 Choke control  
14 Air purge  
28 Support eyes for harness  
29 Harness  
15 Air filter cover  
30 Spark plug cap and spark plug  
English – 5  
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GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  
Important  
Personal protective equipment  
IMPORTANT!  
IMPORTANT!  
The machine is only designed for trimming grass.  
A clearing saw, brushcutter or trimmer can be  
dangerous if used incorrectly or carelessly, and can  
cause serious or fatal injury to the operator or others. It  
is extremely important that you read and understand the  
contents of this operator’s manual.  
The only accessories you can operate with this engine  
unit are the cutting attachments we recommend in the  
chapter on Technical data.  
Never use the machine if you are tired, if you have drunk  
alcohol, or if you are taking medication that could affect  
your vision, your judgement or your co-ordination.  
You must use approved personal protective equipment  
whenever you use the machine. Personal protective  
equipment cannot eliminate the risk of injury but it will  
reduce the degree of injury if an accident does happen.  
Ask your dealer for help in choosing the right equipment.  
Wear personal protective equipment. See instructions  
under the heading Personal protective equipment.  
Never use a machine that has been modified in any way  
from its original specification.  
WARNING! Listen out for warning signals  
or shouts when you are wearing hearing  
protection. Always remove your hearing  
protection as soon as the engine stops.  
Never use a machine that is faulty.Carry out the checks,  
maintenance and service instructions described in this  
manual. Some maintenance and service measures  
must be carried out by trained and qualified specialists.  
See instructions under the heading Maintenance.  
!
HELMET  
All covers, guards and handles must be fitted before  
starting. Ensure that the spark plug cap and ignition  
lead are undamaged to avoid the risk of electric shock.  
A protective helmet where there is a risk of falling objects  
The machine operator must ensure that no people or  
animals come closer than 15 metres while working.  
When several operators are working in the same area  
the safety distance should be at least twice the tree  
height and no less than 15 metres.  
HEARING PROTECTION  
Wear hearing protection that provides adequate noise  
reduction.  
WARNING! The ignition system of this  
machine produces an electromagnetic  
!
field during operation.This field may  
under some circumstances interfere with  
pacemakers.To reduce the risk of  
serious or fatal injury, we recommend  
persons with pacemakers to consult  
their physician and the pacemaker  
manufacturer before operating this  
machine.  
EYE PROTECTION  
Always wear approved eye protection. If you use a visor  
then you must also wear approved protective goggles.  
Approved protective goggles must comply with standard  
ANSI Z87.1 in the USA or EN 166 in EU countries.  
WARNING! Running an engine in a  
confined or badly ventilated area can  
result in death due to asphyxiation or  
carbon monoxide poisoning.  
!
GLOVES  
Gloves should be worn when necessary, e.g., when fitting  
cutting attachments.  
WARNING! Never allow children to use or  
be in the vicinity of the machine. As the  
!
machine is equipped with a spring-  
loaded stop switch and can be started by  
low speed and force on the starter  
handle, even small children under some  
circumstances can produce the force  
necessary to start the machine.This can  
mean a risk of serious personal injury.  
Therefore remove the spark plug cap  
when the machine is not under close  
supervision.  
6 – English  
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GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  
BOOTS  
control and the throttle lockout both move back to their  
original positions. This movement is controlled by two  
independent return springs.This arrangement means that  
the throttle control is automatically locked at the idle  
setting.  
Wear boots with steel toe-caps and non-slip sole.  
A
CLOTHING  
Wear clothes made of a strong fabric and avoid loose  
clothing that can catch on twigs and branches. Always  
wear heavy, long pants. Do not wear jewellery, shorts  
sandals or go barefoot.Secure hair so it is above shoulder  
level.  
B
Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle setting  
when the throttle lockout is released.  
FIRST AID KIT  
Always have a first aid kit nearby.  
Press the throttle lockout and make sure it returns to its  
original position when you release it.  
Machines safety equipment  
This section describes the machines safety equipment,  
its purpose, and how checks and maintenance should be  
carried out to ensure that it operates correctly. See the  
”What is what?” section to locate where this equipment is  
positioned on your machine.  
The life span of the machine can be reduced and the risk  
of accidents can increase if machine maintenance is not  
carried out correctly and if service and/or repairs are not  
carried out professionally. If you need further information  
please contact your nearest servicing dealer.  
Check that the throttle control and throttle lockout move  
freely and that the return springs work properly.  
IMPORTANT!  
All servicing and repair work on the machine requires  
special training.This is especially true of the machines  
safety equipment. If your machine fails any of the  
checks described below you must contact your service  
agent.When you buy any of our products we guarantee  
the availability of professional repairs and service. If the  
retailer who sells your machine is not a servicing dealer,  
ask him for the address of your nearest service agent.  
See instructions under the heading Start. Start the  
machine and apply full throttle. Release the throttle and  
check that the cutting attachment stops and remains at a  
standstill.If the cutting attachment rotates with the throttle  
in the idle position then the carburettor idle setting must  
be checked. See instructions under the heading  
Maintenance.  
WARNING! Never use a machine with  
faulty safety equipment.The machine’s  
!
safety equipment must be checked and  
maintained as described in this section.  
If your machine fails any of these checks  
contact your service agent to get it  
repaired.  
Throttle lockout  
The throttle lockout is designed to prevent accidental  
operation of the throttle control. When you press the lock  
(A) (i.e.when you grasp the handle) it releases the throttle  
control (B). When you release the handle the throttle  
English 7  
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GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  
Stop switch  
Vibration damping system  
Use the stop switch to switch off the engine.  
Your machine is equipped with a vibration damping  
system that is designed to reduce vibration and make  
operation easier.  
Start the engine and make sure the engine stops when  
you move the stop switch to the stop setting.  
Cutting attachment guard  
Use of incorrectly wound cord or an incorrect cutting  
attachment increases the level of vibration. See  
instructions under the heading Cutting equipment.  
This guard is intended to prevent loose objects from being  
thrown towards the operator. The guard also protects the  
operator from accidental contact with the cutting  
attachment.  
The machines vibration damping system reduces the  
transfer of vibration between the engine unit/cutting  
equipment and the machines handle unit.  
Regularly check the vibration damping units for cracks or  
deformation.  
Check that the vibration damping element is undamaged  
and securely attached.  
Check that the guard is undamaged and not cracked.  
Replace the guard if it has been exposed to impact or is  
cracked.  
WARNING! Overexposure to vibration  
can lead to circulatory damage or nerve  
!
Always use the recommended guard for the cutting  
attachment you are using. See chapter on Technical data.  
damage in people who have impaired  
circulation. Contact your doctor if you  
experience symptoms of overexposure  
to vibration. Such symptoms include  
numbness, loss of feeling, tingling,  
pricking, pain, loss of strength, changes  
in skin colour or condition.These  
symptoms normally appear in the  
fingers, hands or wrists.The risk  
increases at low temperatures.  
WARNING! Never use a cutting  
attachment without an approved guard.  
!
See the chapter on Technical data. If an  
incorrect or faulty guard is fitted this can  
cause serious personal injury.  
Muffler  
The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum  
and to direct exhaust fumes away from the user. A muffler  
8 – English  
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GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  
fitted with a catalytic converter is also designed to reduce  
harmful exhaust gases.  
WARNING! Bear in mind that:  
!
The exhaust fumes from the engine are  
hot and may contain sparks which can  
start a fire. Never start the machine  
indoors or near combustible material!  
Locking nut  
In countries that have a warm and dry climate there is a  
significant risk of fire.We therefore fit certain mufflers with  
a spark arrestor screen. Check whether the muffler on  
your machine is fitted with this kind of screen.  
A locking nut is used to secure some types of cutting  
attachment.  
For mufflers it is very important that you follow the  
instructions on checking, maintaining and servicing your  
machine.  
When fitting, tighten the nut in the opposite direction to the  
direction of rotation of the cutting attachment. To remove  
it, undo the nut in the same direction as the cutting  
attachment rotates. (CAUTION! The nut has a left-hand  
thread.) When loosening and tightening the saw blade  
nut, there is a risk of injury from the teeth of the saw blade.  
You should therefore always ensure that your hand is  
shielded by the blade guard when doing this. Always use  
a socket spanner with a shaft that is long enough to allow  
this. The arrow in the diagram shows the area where you  
should operate the socket spanner when loosening or  
tightening the nut.  
Never use a machine that has a faulty muffler.  
Regularly check that the muffler is securely attached to  
the machine.  
If the muffler on your machine is fitted with a spark  
arrestor screen this must be cleaned regularly. A blocked  
screen will cause the engine to overheat and may lead to  
serious damage.  
The nylon lining inside the locking nut must not be so worn  
that you can turn it by hand. The lining should offer a  
resistance of at least 1.5 Nm.The nut should be replaced  
after it has been put on approx. 10 times.  
WARNING! Mufflers fitted with catalytic  
converters get very hot during use and  
remain so for some time after stopping.  
This also applies at idle speed. Contact  
can result in burns to the skin.  
!
Remember the risk of fire!  
WARNING! The inside of the muffler  
contain chemicals that may be  
!
carcinogenic. Avoid contact with these  
elements in the event of a damaged  
muffler.  
English 9  
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GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  
General rules  
Cutting equipment  
This section describes how to choose and maintain your  
cutting equipment in order to:  
Reduce the risk of blade thrust.  
Only use cutting attachments with the guards we  
recommend! See the chapter on Technical data.  
Obtain maximum cutting performance.  
Extend the life of cutting equipment.  
IMPORTANT!  
Only use cutting attachments with the guards we  
recommend! See the chapter on Technical data.  
Keep the teeth of the blade correctly sharpened! Follow  
our instructions and use the recommended file gauge. An  
incorrectly sharpened or damaged blade increases the  
risk of accidents.  
Refer to the instructions for the cutting attachment to  
check the correct way to load the cord and the correct  
cord diameter.  
Keep the teeth of the blade correctly sharpened! Follow  
our recommendations. Also refer to the instructions on  
the blade packaging.  
WARNING! Always stop the engine  
before doing any work on the cutting  
!
attachment.This continues to rotate even  
after the throttle has been released.  
Ensure that the cutting attachment has  
stopped completely and disconnect the  
HT lead from the spark plug before you  
start to work on it.  
Check the cutting attachment for damage or cracks. A  
damaged cutting attachment should always be replaced.  
WARNING! Using an incorrect cutting  
attachment or an incorrectly sharpened  
blade increases the risk of blade thrust.  
!
Sharpening grass cutters and grass  
blades  
Cutting equipment  
Grass blades and grass cutters are intended for cutting  
coarse grass.  
See the cutting attachment packaging for correct  
sharpening instructions. Sharpen blades and cutters  
using a single-cut flat file.  
Sharpen all edges equally to maintain the balance of  
the blade.  
A trimmer head is intended for trimming grass.  
WARNING! Always discard a blade that is  
bent, twisted, cracked, broken or  
!
damaged in any other way. Never attempt  
to straighten a twisted blade so that it  
can be reused. Only use original blades  
of the specified type.  
10 – English  
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GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  
Trimmer head  
IMPORTANT!  
Always ensure the trimmer cord is wound tightly and  
evenly around the drum, otherwise the machine will  
generate harmful vibration.  
Only use the recommended trimmer heads and  
trimmer cords. These have been tested by the  
manufacturer to suit a particular engine size. This is  
especially important when a fully automatic trimmer  
head is used. Only use the recommended cutting  
attachment. See the chapter on Technical data.  
Smaller machines generally require small trimmer  
heads and vice versa. This is because when clearing  
using a cord the engine must throw out the cord  
radially from the trimmer head and overcome the  
resistance of the grass being cleared.  
The length of the cord is also important. A longer cord  
requires greater engine power than a shorter cord of  
the same diameter.  
Make sure that the cutter on the trimmer guard is  
intact.This is used to cut the cord to the correct length.  
To increase the life of the cord it can be soaked in  
water for a couple of days. This will make the line  
tougher so that it lasts longer.  
English 11  
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ASSEMBLY  
Fitting the J-handle  
Assembling the cutting  
equipment  
WARNING! When fitting the cutting  
Clip the loop handle onto the shaft. Note that the loop  
handle must be fitted between the arrows on the shaft.  
attachment it is extremely important that  
the raised section on the drive disc/  
support flange engages correctly in the  
centre hole of the cutting attachment. If  
the cutting attachment is fitted  
!
incorrectly it can result in serious and/or  
fatal personal injury.  
WARNING! Never use a cutting  
attachment without an approved guard.  
See the chapter on Technical data. If an  
incorrect or faulty guard is fitted this can  
cause serious personal injury.  
!
Slide the spacer into the slot in the loop handle.  
Fit the nut, knob and screw. Do not overtighten.  
Attach the J-handle to the loop handle using the three  
screws, as shown.  
IMPORTANT! If a saw blade or grass blade are to be  
used the machine must be equipped with the correct  
handlebar, blade guard and harness.  
Fitting the blade guard/  
combination guard, grass blade  
and grass cutter  
Now adjust the trimmer to give a comfortable working  
position. Tighten the bolt/knob.  
Hook the blade guard/combination guard (A) onto the  
fitting on the shaft and secure with the bolt.  
WARNING! Only grass blades/grass  
cutters or trimmer heads/plastic blades  
!
may be used when the J-handle is fitted.  
Saw blades must never be used with the  
J-handle.  
12 – English  
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ASSEMBLY  
CAUTION! Use the recommended blade guard. See  
the Technical data section.  
Fitting other guards and cutting  
attachments  
G
F
E
Fit the correct trimmer guard (A) for use with the  
trimmer head. Hook the trimmer guard/combination  
guard onto the fitting on the shaft and secure with the  
bolt (L).  
D
A
B
C
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.  
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.  
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive  
disc aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear  
housing.  
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive  
disc aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear  
housing.  
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.  
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.  
Place the blade (D), support cup (E) and support  
flange (F) on the output shaft.  
Screw on the trimmer head/plastic blades (H) in the  
opposite direction to the direction of rotation.  
Fit the nut (G). The nut must be tightened to a torque  
of 35-50 Nm (3.5-5 kpm). Use the socket spanner in  
the tool kit. Hold the shaft of the spanner as close to  
the blade guard as possible. To tighten the nut, turn  
the spanner in the opposite direction to the direction  
of rotation (Caution! left-hand thread).  
H
H
To dismantle, follow the instructions in the reverse  
order.  
English 13  
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FUEL HANDLING  
Gasoline  
Fuel safety  
Never start the machine:  
1
2
If you have spilled fuel on it. Wipe off the spillage and  
allow remaining fuel to evaporate.  
CAUTION! Always use a quality gasoline/oil mixture with  
an octane rating of at least 87 octane ((RON+MON)/2). If  
your machine is equipped with a catalytic converter (see  
chapter on Technical data) always use a good quality  
unleaded gasoline/oil mixture. Leaded gasoline will  
destroy the catalytic converter.  
If you have spilled fuel on yourself or your clothes,  
change your clothes.Wash any part of your body that  
has come in contact with fuel. Use soap and water.  
3
If the machine is leaking fuel. Check regularly for  
leaks from the fuel cap and fuel lines.  
Use low-emission gasoline, also known as alkylate  
gasoline, if it is available.  
Transport and storage  
Store and transport the machine and fuel so that there  
is no risk of any leakage or fumes coming into contact  
with sparks or naked flames, for example, from  
electrical machinery, electric motors, electrical relays/  
switches or boilers.  
When storing and transporting fuel always use  
approved containers intended for this purpose.  
When storing the machine for long periods the fuel  
tank must be emptied. Contact your local gas station  
to find out where to dispose of excess fuel.  
This engine is certified to operate on unleaded  
gasoline.  
The lowest recommended octane grade is 87  
((RON+MON)/2). If you run the engine on a lower  
octane grade than 87 so-called knocking can occur.  
This gives rise to a high engine temperature and  
increased bearing load, which can result in serious  
engine damage.  
Ensure the machine is cleaned and that a complete  
service is carried out before long-term storage.  
The transport guard must always be fitted to the  
cutting attachment when the machine is being  
transported or in storage.  
In order to prevent unintentional starting of the engine,  
the spark plug cap must always be removed during  
long-term storage, if the machine is not under close  
supervision and when performing all service  
measures.  
When working at continuous high revs a higher octane  
rating is recommended.  
Two-stroke oil  
For best results and performance use HUSQVARNA  
two-stroke engine oil, which is specially formulated for  
our air-cooled two stroke-engines.  
WARNING!Take care when handling fuel.  
Bear in mind the risk of fire, explosion  
and inhaling fumes.  
!
Never use two-stroke oil intended for water-cooled  
engines, sometimes referred to as outboard oil (rated  
TCW).  
Fuel  
Never use oil intended for four-stroke engines.  
Mixing ratio  
CAUTION! The machine is equipped with a two-stroke  
engine and must always been run using a mixture of  
gasoline and two-stroke engine oil. It is important to  
accurately measure the amount of oil to be mixed to  
ensure that the correct mixture is obtained. When mixing  
small amounts of fuel, even small inaccuracies can  
drastically affect the ratio of the mixture.  
1:50 (2%) with HUSQVARNA two-stroke oil.  
Two-stroke oil, litre  
Gasoline, litre  
2% (1:50)  
5
0,10  
WARNING! Fuel and fuel fumes are  
highly inflammable and can cause  
serious injury when inhaled or allowed to  
come in contact with the skin. For this  
reason observe caution when handling  
fuel and make sure there is adequate  
ventilation.  
10  
0,20  
!
15  
0,30  
20  
0,40  
US gallon  
US fl. oz.  
2 1/2  
6 1/2  
12 7/8  
1
2 1/2  
5
14 – English  
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FUEL HANDLING  
Fueling  
Mixing  
Always mix the gasoline and oil in a clean container  
intended for fuel.  
Always start by filling half the amount of the gasoline  
to be used. Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix  
(shake) the fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of  
gasoline.  
WARNING! Taking the following  
precautions, will lessen the risk of fire:  
!
Mix (shake) the fuel mixture thoroughly before filling  
the machine’s fuel tank.  
Do not smoke or place hot objects near  
fuel.  
Always shut off the engine before  
refuelling.  
Always stop the engine and let it cool for  
a few minutes before refuelling.  
When refuelling, open the fuel cap slowly  
so that any excess pressure is released  
gently.  
Tighten the fuel cap carefully after  
refuelling.  
Always move the machine away from the  
refuelling area before starting.  
Do not mix more than one month’s supply of fuel at a  
time.  
Clean the area around the fuel cap. Contamination in  
the tank can cause operating problems.  
If the machine is not used for some time the fuel tank  
should be emptied and cleaned.  
Ensure that the fuel is well mixed by shaking the  
container before filling the tank.  
WARNING! The catalytic converter  
muffler gets very hot during and after  
!
use.This also applies during idling. Be  
aware of the fire hazard, especially when  
working near flammable substances and/  
or vapours.  
English 15  
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STARTING AND STOPPING  
trimmer guard if they have been exposed to impact or  
are cracked.  
Check before starting  
Check the blade to ensure that no cracks have formed  
at the bottom of the teeth or by the centre hole. The  
most common reason why cracks are formed is that  
sharp corners have been formed at the bottom of the  
teeth while sharpening or that the blade has been  
used with dull teeth. Discard a blade if cracks are  
found.  
Never use the machine without a guard nor with a  
defective guard.  
All covers must be correctly fitted and undamaged  
before you start the machine.  
Starting and stopping  
Check that the support flange is not cracked due to  
fatigue or due to being tightened too much. Discard  
the support flange if it is cracked.  
WARNING! The complete clutch cover  
and shaft must be fitted before the  
machine is started, otherwise the clutch  
can come loose and cause personal  
injury.  
!
Always move the machine away from the  
refuelling area before starting. Place the  
machine on a flat surface. Ensure the  
cutting attachment cannot come into  
contact with any object.  
Ensure the locking nut has not lost its captive force.  
The nut lock should have a locking force of at least 1.5  
Nm.The tightening torque of the locking nut should be  
35-50 Nm.  
Make sure no unauthorised persons are  
in the working area, otherwise there is a  
risk of serious personal injury.The safety  
distance is 15 metres.  
Check that the blade guard is not damaged or  
cracked. Replace the blade guard if it is exposed to  
impact or is cracked.  
Starting  
Primer bulb: Press the air purge repeatedly until fuel  
begins to fill the bulb. The bulb need not be completely  
filled.  
Check that the trimmer head and trimmer guard are  
not damaged or cracked.Replace the trimmer head or  
16 – English  
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STARTING AND STOPPING  
Choke: Set the choke control in the choke position.  
Stopping  
Stop the engine by switching off the ignition.  
WARNING! When the engine is started  
with the choke in either the choke or  
start throttle positions the cutting  
attachment will start to rotate  
immediately.  
!
CAUTION! The stop switch automatically returns to the  
start position. In order to prevent unintentional starting,  
the spark plug cap must be removed from the spark plug  
when assembling, checking and/or performing  
maintenance.  
Hold the body of the machine on the ground using your  
left hand (CAUTION! Not with your foot!). Grip the starter  
handle, slowly pull out the cord with your right hand until  
you feel some resistance (the starter pawls grip), now  
quickly and powerfully pull the cord. Never wrap the  
starter cord around your hand  
Repeat pulling the cord until the engine starts. When the  
engine starts. return choke control to run position and  
apply full throttle; the throttle will automatically disengage  
from the start setting.  
CAUTION! Do not pull the starter cord all the way out and  
do not let go of the starter handle when the cord is fully  
extended. This can damage the machine.  
CAUTION! Do not put any part of your body in marked  
area. Contact can result in burns to the skin, or electrical  
shock if the spark plug cap has been damaged. Always  
use gloves. Do not use a machine with damaged spark  
plug cap.  
English 17  
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WORKING TECHNIQUES  
6
Always hold the machine with both hands. Hold the  
machine on the right side of your body.  
General working instructions  
IMPORTANT!  
This section describes the basic safety precautions for  
working with clearing saws and trimmers.  
If you encounter a situation where you are uncertain  
how to proceed you should ask an expert. Contact your  
dealer or your service workshop.  
Avoid all usage which you consider to be beyond your  
capability.  
You must understand the difference between forestry  
clearing, grass clearing and grass trimming before use.  
Basic safety rules  
7
8
Keep the cutting attachment below waist level.  
1
Look around you:  
Switch off the engine before moving to another area.  
Fit the transport guard before carrying or transporting  
the equipment any distance.  
To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot  
affect your control of the machine.  
To ensure that people, animals, etc., do not come into  
contact with the cutting attachment or loose objects  
that are thrown out by the cutting attachment.  
9
Never put the machine down with the engine running  
unless you have it in clear sight.  
CAUTION! Do not use the machine unless you are  
able to call for help in the event of an accident.  
WARNING! Neither the operator of the  
machine nor anyone else may attempt to  
remove the cut material while the engine  
is running or the cutting equipment is  
rotating, as this can result in serious  
injury.  
!
2
Inspect the working area. Remove all loose objects,  
such as stones, broken glass, nails, steel wire, string,  
etc. that could be thrown out or become wrapped  
around the cutting attachment.  
Stop the engine and cutting equipment  
before you remove material that has  
wound around the blade shaft as  
otherwise there is a risk of injury.The  
bevel gear can get hot during use and  
may remain so for a while afterwards.You  
could get burnt if you touch it.  
3
4
Do not use the machine in bad weather, such as  
dense fog, heavy rain, strong wind, intense cold, etc.  
Working in bad weather is tiring and often brings  
added risks, such as icy ground, unpredictable felling  
direction, etc.  
Make sure you can move and stand safely. Check the  
area around you for possible obstacles (roots, rocks,  
branches, ditches, etc.) in case you have to move  
suddenly. Take great care when working on sloping  
ground.  
WARNING! Watch out for thrown objects.  
Always wear approved eye protection.  
Never lean over the cutting attachment  
guard. Stones, rubbish, etc. can be  
thrown up into the eyes causing  
blindness or serious injury.  
!
Keep unauthorised persons at a  
distance. Children, animals, onlookers  
and helpers should be kept outside the  
safety zone of 15 m. Stop the machine  
immediately if anyone approaches. Never  
swing the machine around without first  
checking behind you to make sure no-  
one is within the safety zone.  
5
Keep a good balance and a firm foothold.  
18 – English  
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WORKING TECHNIQUES  
Let the support cup rest lightly against the ground. It  
is used to protect the blade from hitting the ground.  
Basic working techniques  
Always slow the engine to idle speed after each working  
operation. Long periods at full throttle without any load on  
the engine can lead to serious engine damage.  
Reduce the risk of material wrapping around the blade  
by following these instructions:  
1Always work at full throttle.  
WARNING! Sometimes branches or  
grass get caught between the guard and  
cutting attachment. Always stop the  
engine before cleaning.  
2Avoid the previously cut material during the return  
stroke.  
!
Stop the engine, unclip the harness and place the  
machine on the ground before you start to collect the  
cut material.  
WARNING! Machines fitted with saw  
blades or grass blades can be thrown  
Grass trimming with a trimmer head  
!
violently to the side when the blade  
comes into contact with a fixed object.  
This is called blade thrust. A blade thrust  
can be violent enough to cause the  
machine and/or operator to be propelled  
in any direction, and possibly lose  
Trimming  
Hold the trimmer head just above the ground at an  
angle. It is the end of the cord that does the work. Let  
the cord work at its own pace. Never press the cord  
into the area to be cut.  
control of the machine. Blade thrust can  
occur without warning if the machine  
snags, stalls or binds. Blade thrust is  
more likely to occur in areas where it is  
difficult to see the material being cut.  
Avoid cutting with the area of the blade  
between the 12 o’clock and 3 o’clock  
positions. Because of the speed of  
rotation of the blade, blade thrust can  
occur if you attempt to cut thick stems  
with this area of the blade.  
The cord can easily remove grass and weeds up  
against walls, fences, trees and borders, however it  
can also damage sensitive bark on trees and bushes,  
and damage fence posts.  
Grass clearing using a grass blade  
Reduce the risk of damaging plants by shortening the  
cord to 10-12 cm and reducing the engine speed.  
Clearing  
Grass blades and grass cutters must not be used on  
woody stems.  
The clearing technique removes all unwanted  
vegetation. Keep the trimmer head just above the  
ground and tilt it. Let the end of the cord strike the  
ground around trees, posts, statues and the like.  
CAUTION! This technique increases the wear on the  
cord.  
A grass blade is used for all types of tall or coarse  
grass.  
The grass is cut down with a sideways, swinging  
movement, where the movement from right-to-left is  
the clearing stroke and the movement from left-to-  
right is the return stroke. Let the left-hand side of the  
blade (between 8 and 12 o’clock) do the cutting.  
The cord wears quicker and must be fed forward more  
often when working against stones, brick, concrete,  
metal fences, etc., than when coming into contact with  
trees and wooden fences.  
If the blade is angled to the left when clearing grass,  
the grass will collect in a line, which makes it easier to  
collect, e.g. by raking.  
When trimming and clearing you should use less than  
full throttle so that the cord lasts longer and to reduce  
the wear on the trimmer head.  
Try to work rhythmically. Stand firmly with your feet  
apart. Move forward after the return stroke and stand  
firmly again.  
English 19  
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