Husqvarna Lawn Mower 318 User Manual

Operators manual  
Rider 318  
Rider 320 AWD  
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you  
understand the instructions before using the machine.  
English  
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Service journal  
13 Tell customer about:  
Pre-delivery service  
Needs and benefits of following the service  
schedule.  
1
Charge the battery for 4 hours at max. 3 amp.  
2
Fit steering wheel, seat and any optional  
equipment.  
Servicing and the influence of this journal on the  
second-hand value of the machine.  
3
4
Check and adjust tyre pressure (60 Kpa, 0.6 bar,  
9 PSI).  
Range of applications for BioClip.  
Complete proof of sale etc.  
Adjust cutting unit:  
Adjust lift springs (effective weight of cutting unit  
should be 12-15kg / 26.5-33 lb).  
Pre-delivery service carried out. No outstanding problems.  
Certified:  
Adjust cutting unit so that rear edge is about 2-4  
mm / 1/8” higher than front edge.  
Adjust the cutting unit’s cutting height setting so  
that the connection rod is tensed at the lowest  
cutting height.  
5
6
Check that the right amount of oil is in the engine.  
_____________________________________________  
Date, mileage, stamp, signature  
Check that there is oil in the transmission’s oil  
tank.  
7
8
9
Connect battery.  
Fill with fuel and start engine.  
Check that machine does not move in neutral.  
10 Check:  
Forward drive.  
After the first 8 hours  
1
Change engine oil  
Reverse drive.  
2
Change the oil in the gearbox. (Only AWD-  
machines)  
Operation of blades.  
Seat safety switch.  
3
Check the synchronisation between the front and  
rear wheels. (Only AWD-machines)  
Lif lever safety switch.  
The safety switch for the hydrostat pedals.  
11 Check the engine speed See the Technical data  
section.  
12 Check the synchronisation between the front and  
rear wheels. (Only AWD-machines) See the  
workshop manual.  
English – 3  
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INTRODUCTION  
Dear Customer,  
Thank you for choosing a Husqvarna Rider. Husqvarna Riders are built to a unique design with a front-mounted cutting unit and a  
patented articulated steering. Riders are designed for maximum efficiency even in small or confined areas.The closely grouped controls  
and pedal-operated hydrostatic transmission also contribute to the performance of this machine.  
This operator’s manual is a valuable document. By following its instructions (on operation, service, maintenance, etc.) you will  
significantly extend the life of the machine and even its second-hand value.  
When you sell your Rider, make sure you pass on the operator’s manual to the new owner.  
The last chapter in the operator’s manual consists of a Service Journal. Make sure that all service work and repairs are recorded. A well-  
documented service history reduces the costs of seasonal maintenance and influences the second-hand value of the machine. Bring  
the operator’s manual with the Rider when bringing it to a workshop for service procedures.  
Driving and transport on public roads  
Check the relevant road traffic regulations before driving the machine on a public road. If transporting the machine on another vehicle  
always use approved securing devices and make sure that the machine is securely held.  
Towing  
When your machine is equipped with a hydrostatic transmission you should only tow the machine over short distances and at a low  
speed, otherwise there is a risk of damaging the transmission.  
The power transmission must be disengaged when towing, see the instructions under the heading Clutch control.  
Use  
This ride-on mower is designed to mow grass on open and level ground surfaces. In addition, there is a number of accessories  
recommended by the manufacturer that broadens the application area. Please contact your dealer for more information about which  
accessories are available.The machine may only be used with the equipment recommended by the manufacturer. All other types of use  
are incorrect. Compliance with and strict adherence to the conditions of operation, service and repair as specified by the manufacturer  
also constitute essential elements of the intended use.  
IMPORTANT INFORMATION The transmission guarantee is only valid if the synchronisation of the front and rear wheels has  
been checked and adjusted in compliance with the service schedule. The system will be damaged if synchronisation is not  
carried out.  
This machine should be operated, serviced and repaired only by persons who are familiar with its particular characteristics and who are  
acquainted with the relevant safety procedures.  
Accident prevention regulations, all other generally recognised regulations on safety and occupational medicine, and all road traffic  
regulations must be observed at all times.  
Any arbitrary modifications carried out to this machine may relieve the manufacturer of liability for any resulting damage or injury.  
Good service  
Husqvarna products are sold all over the world and ensures that you, the customer, get the best support and service. For example,  
before this machine was delivered it was inspected and adjusted by your dealer. See the certificate in the Service Journal in this manual.  
When you need spare parts or advice on service issues, warranty terms, etc., contact:  
This Operator’s Manual belongs to machine with Engine  
serial number:  
Transmission  
On the machine's rating plate you will find the following information:  
The machines type designation.  
The manufacturer’s type number.  
The machine’s serial number.  
State the type designation and serial number when ordering spare parts.  
4 – English  
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KEY TO SYMBOLS  
Symbols  
Noise emission to the environment  
according to the European Community’s  
Directive. The machine’s emission is  
specified in chapter Technical data and on  
label.  
These symbols are on the machine and in the instructions.  
WARNING! Careless or incorrect use can  
result in serious or fatal injury to the  
operator or others.  
Clutch in  
Please read the operator’s manual  
carefully and make sure you understand  
the instructions before using the machine.  
Clutch out  
Always wear:  
Warning: rotating parts. Keep hands and  
feet clear.  
Approved hearing protection  
This product is in accordance with  
applicable EC directives.  
Rotary blades Keep hands and feet  
away from under the hood when the  
engine is running  
Fast  
Hot surface.  
Slow  
Stop the engine.  
Risk that the machine will tip over  
Never drive across a slope  
Choke.  
Fuel  
Never use the machine if persons,  
especially children, or animals, are in the  
vicinity  
Oil level  
Cutting height  
Never carry passengers on the machine or  
equipment  
Backwards  
Forwards  
Ignition  
Drive very slowly if no cutting unit is fitted  
The cutting deck must be fitted at full  
speed.  
Hydrostatic freewheel  
Parking brake  
Brake  
English – 5  
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KEY TO SYMBOLS  
Starting instructions  
Switch off the engine and take off the ignition  
cable before repairs or maintenance  
Check the engine’s oil level  
Check transmission oil level  
Lift up the cutting unit  
Apply the parking brake.  
If the engine is cold, use the choke  
Release the parking brake before driving  
6 – English  
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WHAT IS WHAT?  
1 2  
3
4
6 7  
8
5
15  
14  
11  
12 13  
9
10  
Location of the controls  
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Speed limiter for driving forward  
Speed limiter for reversing  
Lifting lever for the cutting unit  
Cutting height adjustment lever  
Ignition lock  
9
Parking brake  
10 Lock button for parking brake  
11 Seat adjustment.  
12 Lever to disengage the driving front axle, Rider 320 AWD  
13 Fuel cap  
14 Battery  
Throttle control/choke control  
Counter  
15 Lever to disengage the drive, Rider 318.  
Lever to disengage the driving rear axle, 320 AWD.  
Cover lock  
English – 7  
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS  
Stop the engine and prevent the engine from being  
started until you have cleaned the outlet channel.  
Safety instructions  
These instructions are for your safety. Read them carefully.  
Look out for the ejector and do not direct it towards  
anyone.  
Insure your Rider  
Stop the engine and prevent it from starting before you  
clean the cutting unit.  
Check the insurance coverage for your new Rider.  
Contact your insurance company.  
Remember that the driver is responsible for dangers or  
accidents.  
You should have fully comprehensive insurance including:  
third party, re, damage, theft and liability  
Never carry passengers.The machine is only intended to  
be used by one person.  
General use  
Read all the instructions in this operator’s manual and on  
the machine before you start it. Ensure you understand  
them and then observe them.  
Always look downwards and backwards before and while  
reversing. Keep watch for both large and small obstacles.  
Slow before cornering.  
Switch off the blades when you are not mowing.  
Take care when rounding a fixed object, so that the blades  
do not hit it. Never run the machine over foreign objects.  
WARNING! This machine produces an  
electromagnetic field during operation.This  
field may under some circumstances  
!
WARNING! This machine can sever hands  
and feet as well as throw objects. Failure to  
observe the safety instructions can result in  
serious injuries.  
interfere with active or passive medical  
implants.To reduce the risk of serious or  
fatal injury, we recommend persons with  
medical implants to consult their physician  
and the medical implant manufacturer  
before operating this machine.  
!
WARNING! The inside of the muffler contain  
chemicals that may be carcinogenic. Avoid  
contact with these elements in the event of a  
damaged muffler.  
!
Learn how to use the machine and its controls safely and  
learn to how to stop quickly. Also learn to recognize the  
safety decals.  
Only allow the machine to be used by adults who are  
familiar with its use.  
WARNING! The engine emits carbon  
monoxide, which is a colourless, poisonous  
gas. Do not use the machine in enclosed  
spaces.  
!
Make sure nobody else is in the vicinity of the machine  
when you start the engine, engage the drive or drive off.  
Only use the machine in daylight or in other well-lit  
conditions. Keep the machine at a safe distance from  
holes or other irregularities in the ground. Pay attention to  
other possible risks.  
Clear the area of objects such as stones, toys, wires, etc.  
that may become caught in the blades and be thrown out.  
Never use the machine if you are tired, if you have  
consumed alcohol, or if you are taking other drugs or  
medication that can affect your vision, judgement or co-  
ordination.  
Keep an eye on the traffic when working close to a road or  
when crossing it.  
Never leave the machine unsupervised with the engine  
running. Always stop the blades, apply the parking brake,  
stop the engine and remove the keys before leaving the  
machine.  
8 – English  
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS  
Never allow children or other persons not trained in the  
use of the machine to use or service it. Local laws may  
regulate the age of the user.  
This is what you do  
Remove obstacles such as stones, branches, etc.  
Mow upwards and downwards, not sideways.  
WARNING!You must use approved personal  
protective equipment whenever you use the  
machine. Personal protective equipment  
cannot eliminate the risk of injury but it will  
reduce the degree of injury if an accident  
does happen. Ask your dealer for help in  
choosing the right equipment.  
Do not use the machine on ground that slopes more than  
10°.  
!
Take extra care if any attachments are fitted that can  
change the stability of the machine.  
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If the tyres start to  
slip, stop the blades and drive slowly down the slope.  
Always drive smoothly and slowly on slopes.  
Use hearing protection to minimise the risk of hearing  
impairment.  
Do not make any sudden changes in speed or direction.  
Avoid unnecessary turns on slopes, if necessary, turn  
slowly and gradually downwards if possible. Drive slowly.  
Do not turn the wheel sharply.  
Watch out for and avoid driving over furrows, holes and  
bumps. It is easier for the machine to overturn on uneven  
ground. Tall grass can hide obstacles.  
Never wear loose fitting clothes that can catch in moving  
parts.  
Never use the machine when barefoot. Always wear  
protective shoes or protective boots, preferably with steel  
toes.  
Make sure that you have first aid equipment close at hand  
when using the machine.  
Do not mow too close to edges, ditches or banks. The  
machine can suddenly overturn if one wheel comes over  
the edge of a steep slope or a ditch, or if an edge gives  
way.  
Do not mow wet grass. It is slippery, and tyres can lose  
their grip so that the machine skids.  
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on  
the ground.  
Driving on slopes  
When cleaning the chassis, the machine may never be  
driven near verges or ditches.  
Driving on slopes is one of the operations where the risk of  
the driver losing control of the machine or of it overturning is  
the greatest; this can result in serious injury or death. All  
slopes demand extra care. If you cannot reverse up a slope or  
if you feel unsure, do not mow it.  
When mowing, keep away from bushes and other objects.  
IMPORTANT INFORMATION  
Do not drive down slopes with the unit raised.  
English – 9  
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS  
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding  
Petrol and petrol fumes are poisonous and extremely  
wheel weights or counterbalance weights to increase  
machine stability.  
flammable. Be especially careful when handling petrol, as  
carelessness can result in personal injury or fire.  
Only store fuel in containers approved for the purpose.  
IMPORTANT INFORMATION  
Never remove the fuel cap and fill the fuel tank when the  
engine is running.  
Wheel weights fitted on the rear wheels are recommended  
when driving on slopes for safer steering and improved  
manoeuvrability. Consult your dealer concerning the use of  
wheel weights if you are unsure. Wheel weights can not be  
used on AWD-machines. Use counterweights.  
Allow the engine to cool before refuelling. Do not smoke.  
Do not fill with fuel in the vicinity of sparks or naked  
flames.  
Handle oil, oil filters, fuel and the battery carefully, of  
environmental considerations. Follow the local recycling  
requirements.  
Children  
Electrical shocks can cause injuries. Do not touch cables  
when the engine is running. Do not test the ignition  
system with your fingers.  
Serious accidents may occur if you fail to be on your guard  
for children in the vicinity of the machine. Children are  
often attracted to the machine and mowing. Never  
assume that children will remain where you last saw them.  
WARNING! The engine and the exhaust  
system become very hot during operation.  
Risk of burn injuries if touched. When  
mowing, keep away from bushes and other  
materials in order to avoid a heating effect.  
Keep children away from the area to be mowed and under  
close supervision by another adult.  
!
Keep an eye out and shut off the machine if children enter  
the work area.  
Before and during reversing procedures, look behind you  
and down for small children.  
If leaks arise in the fuel system, the engine must not be  
started until the problem has been resolved.  
Never allow children to ride along. They can fall off and  
seriously injure themselves or be in the way for safe  
manoeuvring of the machine.  
Store the machine and fuel in such a way that there is no  
risk that leaking fuel or fumes can cause any damage.  
Check the fuel level before each use and leave space for  
the fuel to expand, because the heat from the engine and  
the sun may otherwise cause the fuel to expand and  
overflow.  
Never allow children to operate the machine.  
Avoid overfilling.If you spill petrol on the machine, wipe up  
the spill and wait until it has evaporated before starting the  
engine. If you spill on your clothing, change your clothing.  
Allow the machine to cool before performing any actions  
in the engine compartment.  
Take care with battery maintenance. Explosive gases  
form in the battery. Never perform maintenance on the  
battery while smoking or in the vicinity of open flames or  
sparks. This can cause the battery to explode and cause  
serious injuries.  
Be particularly careful near corners, bushes, trees or  
other objects that block your view.  
Maintenance  
Stop the engine. Prevent starting by removing the ignition  
cable from the spark plug or remove the ignition key  
before making any adjustments or carrying out  
maintenance.  
Never fill the fuel tank indoors.  
Make sure all nuts and bolts are tightened correctly and  
that the equipment is in good condition.  
Do not modify safety equipment. Check regularly to be  
sure it works properly. The machine must not be driven if  
protective plates, protective covers, safety switches or  
other protective devices are not fitted or are defective.  
Observe the risk of injury caused by moving or hot parts if  
the engine is started with the engine cover open or  
protective cowlings removed.  
10 – English  
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS  
Do not change the setting of governors. If you run too fast,  
you risk damaging the machine components. See chapter  
on Technical data for highest permitted engine speed.  
Engage the parking brake and tie the tension belts around  
stable parts on the machine, e.g. frame or rear wagon.  
Secure the machine by tensioning the belts towards the  
back and the front of the trailer respectively.  
Never use the machine indoors or in spaces lacking  
proper ventilation. Exhaust fumes contain carbon  
monoxide, an odourless, poisonous and highly dangerous  
gas.  
Place the wheel blocks in front of and behind the rear  
wheels.  
Check and observe local road traffic regulations before  
transporting or driving the machine on roads.  
Stop and inspect the equipment if you run over or into  
anything. If necessary, make repairs before starting.  
Never make adjustments with the engine running.  
The machine is tested and approved only with the  
equipment originally provided or recommended by the  
manufacturer.  
The blades are sharp and can cause cuts. Wrap the  
blades or wear protective gloves when handling them.  
Check regularly that the parking brake works. Adjust and  
maintain as required.  
Reduce the risk of fire by removing grass, leaves and  
other debris that may have fastened on the machine.  
Allow the machine to cool before putting it in storage.  
Transport  
IMPORTANT INFORMATION  
The parking brake is not sufficient to lock the machine  
during transport. Ensure you secure the machine firmly to  
the transporting vehicle.  
The machine is heavy and can cause serious crush  
injuries. Take extra care when loading it onto or off a  
vehicle or trailer.  
Use an approved trailer to transport the machine.  
To secure the machine on the trailer, two approved  
tension belts and four wedge shaped wheel blocks should  
be used.  
English – 11  
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PRESENTATION  
The parking brake lock disengages automatically when the  
brake pedal is pressed.  
Presentation  
Congratulations on your choice of an excellent quality product  
that will give you great pleasure for many years. This  
operator’s manual describes Rider 318 and Rider 320 AWD.  
Cutting unit  
Rider 318 and Rider 320 AWD can be equipped with three  
different cutting units.  
Rider 320 AWD is equipped with all wheel drive.  
The power transmission from the engine is handled by a  
hydrostatic transmission, which allows variable variation of  
the speed by using the pedals.  
One pedal for driving forward and one for reverse.  
Throttle control/choke control  
The throttle control regulates the engine speed, and thereby  
also the rotation speed of the blades.  
Combi 94  
Combi 103  
Combi 112  
The control is also used to activate the choke. When the  
choke is engaged a richer fuel and air mixture is fed to the  
engine, which facilitates starting in the cold.  
The Combi-unit, equipped with a BioClip-plug, finely chops  
the cuttings to fertiliser. Without the BioClip-plug the unit  
works in the same way as a rear ejection unit.  
Lifting lever for the cutting unit  
The lift lever is used to set the cutting unit in transport or  
mowing position.  
If the lever is pulled backwards the unit is raised and the  
blades automatically stop rotating (transport position).  
Speed limiter  
The speed of the machine is steplessly regulated with two  
pedals. Pedal (1) is used to drive forwards, and pedal (2) to  
drive backwards.  
1
2
If the lock button is pressed in and the lever is moved forwards  
the unit will be lowered and the blades will automatically start  
to rotate (mowing position).  
WARNING! Make sure that branches do not  
obstruct the pedals when mowing under  
bushes. Otherwise there is a risk you may  
lose control.  
!
Parking brake  
The lever can also be used to temporarily regulate the cutting  
height, e.g. for a small mound in the lawn.  
The parking brake is applied as follows:  
2
1
Cutting height adjustment lever  
The cutting height can be adjusted to 10 different positions  
with the cutting height lever.  
Combi-unit 40-90 mm (1 9/16” - 3 9/16”)  
1
2
3
Press down the parking brake pedal (1).  
Press in the lock button (2) on the steering column.  
Release the parking brake pedal while keeping the button  
pressed in.  
12 – English  
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PRESENTATION  
Seat  
Release lever  
The seat has a jointed attachment on the front edge and can  
be tipped forward.  
The release control must be pulled out in order for the  
machine to be moved when the engine is shutoff.  
The seat can also be adjusted lengthways.  
Should you attempt to drive the machine with the clutch  
controls pulled out it will not move. The drive on the axle is  
disengaged when one of the controls is pulled out.  
Loosen the handles under the seat and adjust it forwards or  
backwards to the desired position.  
Pull the controls to the end positions, do not use an  
intermediate position.  
Release lever Rider 318  
Fueling  
The engine runs on unleaded petrol with a minimum octane  
rating of 85 (not mixed with oil). We recommend the use of  
biodegradable alkylate petrol. (max. methanol 5%, max.  
ethanol 10%, max. MTBE 15%)  
Pull out the control to disengage the drive system.  
Push in the control to engage to the drive system.  
Do not fill the tank completely, leave an expansion area of at  
least 2.5 cm (1“).  
Release lever Rider 320 AWD  
Rider 320 AWD has one control for the front axle and one  
control for the rear axle.  
IMPORTANT! Always drive the machine with both clutch  
controls pressed in.  
Clutch control, rear axle  
WARNING! Petrol is highly inflammable.  
Exercise care and refuel outdoors (see  
safety instructions).  
!
IMPORTANT INFORMATION Do not use the fuel tank as a  
support area.  
- Control drawn out, drive system disengaged.  
- Control depressed, drive system engaged.  
Clutch control, front axle  
The control is positioned on the inside of the left front  
wheel.  
- Rear control (pulled out), drive system disengaged.  
- Front control (pushed in), drive system engaged.  
English – 13  
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Driving  
Move the throttle in between positions 1 and 2.  
Before starting  
1
2
Read the safety instructions and information concerning  
the placement of controls and functions before starting.  
3
Perform daily maintenance before starting as set out in  
the Maintenance schedule.  
5
6
Turn the ignition key to the start position.  
IMPORTANT INFORMATION  
The air intake grille in the engine cover behind the driver’s  
seat must not be blocked by, for example, clothing, leaves,