Weed Eater Lawn Mower 176840 User Manual

OWNER'S MANUAL  
MODEL NO. WE12538H  
12.5 HP 38 Inch  
LawnTractor  
For Parts and Service, contact our authorized distributor: call 1-800-849-1297  
For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886  
®
176840 10.30.00 JH  
PRINTED IN U.S.A.  
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SAFETY RULES  
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers  
Besuretheareaisclearofotherpeoplebeforemowing. Stop  
Look for this symbol to point out important  
safety precautions. It means CAUTION!!!  
BECOME ALERT!!! YOUR SAFETY IS IN-  
VOLVED.  
machine if anyone enters the area.  
Never carry passengers or children even with the blades off.  
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always  
look down and behind before and while backing.  
Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously  
injured or interfere with safe machine operation.  
Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful  
care of another responsible adult.  
CAUTION: Do not coast down a hill in  
neutral,youmaylosecontrolofthetractor.  
Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.  
Before and when backing, look behind and down for small  
children.  
CAUTION: Tow only the attachments that  
are recommended by and comply with  
specifications of the manufacturer of your  
tractor. Use common sense when towing.  
Operate only at the lowest possible speed  
whenonaslope. Tooheavyofaload, while  
on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose  
traction with the ground and cause you to  
lose control of your tractor.  
Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.  
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.  
Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could over-  
turn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.  
Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have  
to stop or shift while on the slope.  
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction,  
disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the  
slope.  
If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades, shift  
into reverse and back down slowly.  
Donotturnonslopesunlessnecessary, andthen, turnslowly  
and gradually downhill, if possible.  
CAUTION: In order to prevent accidental  
starting when setting up, transporting, ad-  
justing or making repairs, always discon-  
nect spark plug wire and place wire where  
it cannot contact spark plug.  
WARNING  
The engine exhaust from this product contains  
chemicals known to the State of California to  
cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproduc-  
tive harm.  
TABLE OF CONTENTS  
SAFETY RULES ........................................................ 2-3  
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 4  
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES ......................4, 14-18  
ASSEMBLY................................................................ 6-8  
OPERATION............................................................. 9-13  
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE....................................... 14  
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS .............................19-23  
STORAGE ................................................................... 24  
TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................25-26  
REPAIR PARTS ......................................................28-43  
WARRANTY ............................................................45-46  
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PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS  
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES  
Read and observe the safety rules.  
GASOLINE CAPACITY  
AND TYPE:  
1.25 GALLONS  
UNLEADED REGULAR  
Followaregularscheduleinmaintaining,caringforand  
using your tractor.  
OIL TYPE (API-SF-SJ):  
SAE 30 (above 32°F)  
SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F)  
Follow the instructions under Customer Responsibili-  
tiesand Storagesections of this owners manual.  
OIL CAPACITY:  
3 PINTS  
CONGRATULATIONS onyourpurchaseofanewtractor. It  
has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give  
you the best possible dependability and performance.  
SPARK PLUG:  
(GAP: .030")  
CHAMPION RJ19LM  
Should you experience any problem you cannot easily  
remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service  
center/department. Wehavecompetent,well-trainedtech-  
nicians and the proper tools to service or repair this tractor.  
VALVE CLEARANCE:  
INTAKE:  
EXHAUST: .009" - .011"  
.005" - .007"  
GROUND SPEED (MPH): FORWARD:  
1st  
1.1  
2.2  
3.3  
4.4  
4.9  
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will  
enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor properly.  
Always observe the SAFETY RULES.  
2nd  
3rd  
4th  
5th  
WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal com-  
bustion engine and should not be used on or near any  
unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-cov-  
ered land unless the engines exhaust system is equipped  
with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws  
(if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained  
in effective working order by the operator.  
REVERSE: 1.4  
TIRE PRESSURE:  
CHARGING SYSTEM:  
BATTERY:  
FRONT:  
REAR:  
14 PSI  
12 PSI  
3 AMPS BATTERY  
5 AMPS HEADLIGHTS  
AMP/HR:  
MIN. CCA:  
25  
190  
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your  
nearest authorized service center/department (See RE-  
PAIR PARTS section of this manual).  
CASE SIZE: U1R  
BLADE BOLT TORQUE:  
27-35 FT. LBS.  
4
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UNASSEMBLEDPARTS  
Steering Wheel  
Seat  
Steering  
Wheel  
Adapter  
Steering  
Extension  
Shaft  
(1) Washer  
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge  
Steering  
Wheel  
Insert  
(1) Lock  
Washer 1/2  
(1) Bolt  
Steering  
Boot  
(1) Lockwasher 3/8  
(1) Locknut  
5/16-18  
(1) Large Flat  
Washer  
Keys  
(1) Hex Bolt  
3/8-16 x 1  
(2) Keys  
Slope Sheet  
(1) Hex Bolt  
5/16-18 x 1-1/4  
5
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ASSEMBLY  
Yournewtractorhasbeenassembledatthefactorywithexceptionofthosepartsleftunassembledforshippingpurposes. To  
ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the  
correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.  
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY  
INSERT  
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard  
wrench sizes are listed.  
3/8 HEX BOLT  
(2) 1/2" wrenches  
(1) 9/16" wrench  
Pliers  
Tirepressuregauge  
Utility knife  
3/8 LOCK WASHER  
LARGE FLAT  
WASHER  
Whenrightorlefthandismentionedinthismanual,itmeans  
when you are in the operating position (seated behind the  
steeringwheel).  
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM CARTON  
STEERING  
WHEEL  
UNPACK CARTON  
STEERING  
BOOT  
Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons  
from carton.  
Cut, from top to bottom, along lines on all four corners  
of carton, and lay panels flat.  
Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and  
remove.  
TABS  
ADAPTER  
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR FROM  
SKID  
EXTENSION SHAFT  
5/16 HEX BOLT  
ATTACH STEERING WHEEL (See Fig. 1)  
ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND BOOT  
5/16 LOCKNUT  
Slide extension shaft onto lower steering shaft. Align  
mountingholesinextensionandlowershaftsandinstall  
5/16 hex bolt and locknut. Tighten securely.  
Place tabs of steering boot over tab slots in dash and  
push down to secure.  
INSTALL STEERING WHEEL  
LOWER  
STEERING  
SHAFT  
Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing  
TAB  
SLOTS  
straightforward.  
Removesteeringwheeladapterfromsteeringwheeland  
slide adapter onto steering shaft extension.  
Positionsteeringwheelsocrossbarsarehorizontal(left  
to right) and slide inside boot and onto adapter.  
Assemble large flat washer, 3/8 lock washer, 3/8 hex  
bolt and tighten securely.  
FIG. 1  
Snapsteeringwheelinsertintocenterofsteeringwheel.  
Removeprotectivematerialsfromtractorhoodandgrill.  
IMPORTANT: CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES  
IN SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE TRACTOR  
IS TO ROLL OFF SKID.  
6
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ASSEMBLY  
HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR  
SEAT  
CHECK BATTERY (See Fig. 2)  
Lift seat pan to raised position and open battery box  
door.  
If this battery is put into service after month and year  
indicated on label (label located between terminals)  
charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps.  
(See"BATTERY"inCUSTOMERRESPONSIBILITIES  
section of this manual for charging instructions).  
SEAT PAN  
SHOULDER  
BOLT  
SEAT PAN  
LABEL  
BATTERY  
FLAT WASHER  
LOCK WASHER  
BOX DOOR  
TERMINAL  
TERMINAL  
ADJUSTMENT  
BOLT  
FIG. 2  
FIG. 3  
INSTALL SEAT (See Fig. 3)  
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment bolt.  
NOTE: You may now roll or drive your tractor off the skid.  
Follow the appropriate instruction below to remove the  
tractor from the skid.  
Remove adjustment bolt, lock washer and flat washer  
securing seat to cardboard packing and set aside for  
assembly of seat to tractor.  
TOROLLTRACTOROFFSKID (SeeOperation  
section, page 10, for location and function of  
controls)  
Pivot seat upward and remove from the cardboard  
packing. Remove the cardboard packing and discard.  
Place seat on seat pan so head of shoulder bolt is  
positioned over large slotted hole in pan.  
Push down on seat to engage shoulder bolt in slot and  
pull seat towards rear of tractor.  
Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment  
bolt, lockwasherandflatwasherloosely. Donottighten  
Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to  
its highest position.  
Releaseparkingbrakebydepressingclutch/brakepedal.  
Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.  
Roll tractor forward off skid.  
Remove banding holding deflector shield up against  
tractor.  
Lower seat into operating position and sit on seat.  
Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which  
allowsyoutopressclutch/brakepedalallthewaydown.  
Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.  
Raise seat and tighten adjustment bolt securely.  
7
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ASSEMBLY  
TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Opera-  
CHECKLIST  
tion section, page 10, for location and func-  
tion of controls)  
BEFOREYOUOPERATEANDENJOYYOURNEW TRAC-  
TOR, WE WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE THE  
BESTPERFORMANCEANDSATISFACTIONFROMTHIS  
QUALITYPRODUCT.  
WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow  
all instructions in the Operation section of this manual. Be  
sure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure the area in  
front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.  
PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST:  
All assembly instructions have been completed.  
No remaining loose parts in carton.  
Batteryisproperlypreparedandcharged. (Minimum1  
hour at 6 amps).  
Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.  
All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes,  
the tires were overinflated at the factory).  
Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/  
front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be  
properly inflated for leveling).  
Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed  
properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.  
Be sure all the above assembly steps have been  
completed.  
Check engine oil level and fill fuel tank with gasoline.  
Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake  
pedal and set the parking brake.  
Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.  
Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to  
its highest position.  
Starttheengine.Afterenginehasstarted,movethrottle  
control to idle position.  
Depress clutch/brake pedal into full "BRAKE" position  
and hold. Move gearshift lever to 1st gear.  
Slowly release clutch/brake pedal and slowly drive  
tractor off skid.  
Applybraketostoptractor, setparkingbrakeandplace  
gearshift lever in neutral position.  
Check wiring. See that all connections are still secure  
and wires are properly clamped.  
WHILELEARNINGHOWTOUSEYOURTRACTOR,PAY  
EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT  
ITEMS:  
Turn ignition key to "OFF" position.  
Engine oil is at proper level.  
Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded  
gasoline.  
Become familiar with all controls - their location and  
function. Operate them before you start the engine.  
Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.  
Continue with the instructions that follow.  
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE  
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at the factory for  
shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important for  
best cutting performance.  
Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in PRODUCT  
SPECIFICATIONSsection of this manual.  
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS  
For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly  
leveled. SeeTOLEVELMOWERHOUSINGintheService  
and Adjustments section of this manual.  
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF ALL  
BELTS  
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion and  
mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments  
section of this manual. Verify that the belts are routed  
correctly.  
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM  
Afteryoulearnhowtooperateyourtractor,checktoseethat  
the brake is properly adjusted. See TO ADJUST BRAKE”  
in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.  
8
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OPERATION  
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.  
BATTERY  
CAUTION OR  
WARNING  
REVERSE  
FORWARD  
LIGHTS ON  
FAST  
SLOW  
OVER TEMP  
LIGHT  
ENGINE ON  
ENGINE OFF  
OIL PRESSURE  
PARKING BRAKE  
LOCKED  
UNLOCKED  
MOWER LIFT  
FUEL  
CHOKE  
MOWER HEIGHT  
P
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH ENGAGED  
REVERSE  
NEUTRAL  
HIGH  
LOW  
PARKING BRAKE  
15  
15  
15  
KEEP AREA CLEAR  
SLOPE HAZARDS  
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH DISENGAGED  
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)  
IGNITION  
FREE WHEEL  
(Automatic Models only)  
DANGER, KEEP HANDS AND FEET AWAY  
9
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OPERATION  
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR  
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR  
Comparetheillustrationswithyourtractortofamiliarizeyourselfwiththelocationsofvariouscontrolsandadjustments. Save  
this manual for future reference.  
IGNITION  
SWITCH  
LIGHT SWITCH  
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH  
LEVER  
LIFT LEVER  
PLUNGER  
THROTTLE/CHOKE  
CONTROL  
ATTACHMENT  
LIFT LEVER  
CLUTCH/BRAKE  
PEDAL  
MOWER DECK  
HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT  
POSITIONS  
GEARSHIFT  
LEVER  
PARKING  
BRAKE  
FIG. 4  
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.  
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER: Used to engage the  
GEARSHIFT LEVER: Selects the speed and direction of  
tractor.  
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER: Used to raise, lower, and  
adjustthemowerdeckorotherattachmentsmountedtoyour  
tractor.  
mowerblades,orotherattachmentsmountedtoyourtractor.  
LIGHT SWITCH: Turns the headlights on and off.  
THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL: Used for starting and  
controllingenginespeed.  
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER: Used to release attachment lift  
lever when changing its position.  
CLUTCH/BRAKEPEDAL: Usedfordeclutchingandbrak-  
ing the tractor and starting the engine.  
IGNITION SWITCH: Used for starting and stopping the  
engine.  
PARKINGBRAKE:Locksclutch/brakepedalintothebrake  
position.  
10  
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OPERATION  
Theoperationofanytractorcan resultinforeignobjectsthrownintotheeyes,whichcan  
resultinsevereeyedamage. Alwayswearsafetyglassesoreyeshieldswhileoperating  
your tractor or performing any adjustments or repairs. We recommend a wide vision  
safetymaskoverspectaclesorstandardsafetyglasses.  
IMPORTANT: LEAVING THE IGNITION SWITCH IN ANY  
POSITION OTHER THAN "OFF" WILL CAUSE THE BATTERY  
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR  
TO SET PARKING BRAKE (See Fig. 5)  
Yourtractorisequippedwithanoperatorpresencesensing  
switch. Whenengineisrunning,anyattemptbytheoperator  
to leave the seat without first setting the parking brake will  
shut off the engine.  
TO BE DISCHARGED, (DEAD).  
NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing  
idlewiththeenginerunning,hotengineexhaustgasesmay  
cause browningof grass. To eliminate this possibility,  
always stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.  
Depress clutch/brake pedal into full BRAKEposition  
CAUTION: Alwaysstoptractorcom-  
pletely, as described above, before  
leaving the operator's position; to  
empty grass catcher, etc.  
andhold.  
Place parking brake lever in ENGAGEDposition and  
releasepressurefromclutch/brakepedal. Pedalshould  
remain in BRAKEposition. Make sure parking brake  
will hold tractor secure.  
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (SEE FIG. 5)  
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER  
"ENGAGED" POSITION  
Always operate engine at full throttle.  
Operating engine at less than full throttle reduces the  
batterychargingrate.  
THROTTLE/CHOKE  
CONTROL LEVER  
Full throttle offers the best bagging and mower perfor-  
mance.  
IGNITION KEY  
TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD  
(See Fig. 5)  
The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the  
gearshift lever.  
"DISENGAGED"  
POSITION  
PARKING BRAKE  
"ENGAGED"  
POSITION  
"BRAKE"  
POSITION  
Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal depressed and  
gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.  
GEARSHIFT  
LEVER  
Move gearshift lever to desired position.  
Slowly release clutch/brake pedal to start movement.  
IMPORTANT: BRING TRACTOR TO A COMPLETE STOP  
BEFORE SHIFTING OR CHANGING GEARS. FAILURE TO DO  
SOWILLSHORTENTHEUSEFULLIFEOFYOURTRANSAXLE.  
PARKING BRAKE  
"DISENGAGED" POSITION  
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL  
"DRIVE" POSITION  
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT  
(See Fig. 5)  
The position of the attachment lift lever determines the  
cutting height.  
FIG.5  
STOPPING (See Fig. 5)  
MOWERBLADES-  
Grasp lift lever.  
Press plunger with thumb and move lever to desired  
position.  
Tostopmowerblades,moveattachmentclutchleverto  
DISENGAGEDposition.  
Thecutting height rangeis approximately1-1/2to 4". The  
heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with  
theenginenotrunning. Theseheightsareapproximateand  
may vary depending upon soil conditions, height of grass  
and types of grass being mowed.  
GROUNDDRIVE-  
To stop ground drive, depress clutch/brake pedal into  
full BRAKEposition.  
Move gearshift lever to neutral (N) position.  
ENGINE-  
Theaveragelawnshouldbecuttoapproximately2-1/2  
inches during the cool season and to over 3 inches  
during hot months. For healthier and better looking  
lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.  
Move throttle control to slow position.  
NOTE: Failuretomovethrottlecontroltoslowpositionand  
allowingenginetoidlebeforestoppingmaycauseengineto  
backfire.  
For best cutting performance, grass over 6 inches in  
height should be mowed twice. Make the first cut  
relatively high; the second to desired height.  
Turn ignition key to OFFposition and remove key.  
Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent  
unauthorizeduse.  
Never use choke to stop engine.  
11  
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OPERATION  
TO OPERATE MOWER (See Fig. 6)  
TO TRANSPORT  
Raiseattachmentlifttohighestpositionwithattachment  
lift control.  
Yourtractor isequippedwithanoperatorpresencesensing  
switch. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with  
the engine running and the attachment clutch engaged will  
shut off the engine.  
When pushing or towing your tractor, be sure gearshift  
lever is in neutral (N) position.  
Do not push or tow tractor at more than five (5) MPH.  
Select desired height of cut.  
Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch  
control.  
NOTE: Toprotecthoodfromdamagewhentransportingyour  
tractor on a truck or a trailer, be sure hood is closed and  
securedtotractor. Useanappropriatemeansoftyinghood  
to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).  
TO STOP MOWER BLADES - disengage attachment  
clutch control.  
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACH-  
MENTS  
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and  
comply with specifications of the manufacturer of your  
tractor. Use common sense when towing. Too heavy of a  
load, while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose traction  
withthegroundandcauseyoutolosecontrolofyourtractor.  
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower  
without either the entire grass catcher,  
onmowerssoequipped,orthedeflector  
shield in place.  
"ENGAGED" POSITION  
ATTACHMENT LIFT  
LEVER HIGH POSITION  
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE  
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL (See Fig. 11)  
The engine in your tractor has been shipped, from the  
factory, already filled with summer weight oil.  
Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.  
Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe clean, reinsert the  
dipstick and screw cap tight, wait for a few seconds,  
remove and read oil level. If necessary, add oil until  
FULLmark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfill.  
LOW  
POSITION  
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH LEVER  
"DISENGAGED"  
POSITION  
For cold weather operation you should change oil for  
easier starting (See OIL VISCOSITY CHARTin the  
Customer Responsibilities section of this manual).  
Tochangeengineoil,seetheCustomerResponsibilities  
section in this manual.  
ADD GASOLINE  
Fill fuel tank. Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded  
gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded  
gasoline will increase carbon and lead oxide deposits  
and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline.  
Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30  
days to assure fuel freshness.  
DEFLECTOR  
SHIELD  
FIG. 6  
IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES  
BELOW 32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE  
GASOLINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER  
STARTING.  
TO OPERATE ON HILLS  
CAUTION: Donotdriveupordownhills  
with slopes greater than 15° and do not  
WARNING: Experienceindicatesthatalcoholblendedfuels  
(called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract  
moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids  
during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of  
an engine while in storage. To avoid engine problems, the  
fuelsystemshouldbeemptiedbeforestorageof30daysor  
longer. Drainthegastank,starttheengineandletitrununtil  
the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next  
season. SeeStorageInstructionsforadditionalinformation.  
Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel  
tank or permanent damage may occur.  
drive across any slope.  
Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down  
hills.  
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.  
If slowing is necessary, move throttle control lever to  
slowerposition.  
If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake  
pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking  
brake.  
Move gearshift lever to 1st gear. Be sure you have  
allowed room for tractor to roll slightly as you restart  
movement.  
CAUTION: Fill to bottom of gas tank  
fillerneck. Donotoverfill. Wipeoffany  
spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or  
use gasoline near an open flame.  
Torestartmovement,slowlyreleaseparkingbrakeand  
clutch/brakepedal.  
Make all turns slowly.  
12  
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OPERATION  
TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 5)  
Whenstartingtheengineforthefirsttimeoriftheenginehas  
run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move fuel  
from the tank to the engine.  
MOWING TIPS  
Tire chains cannot be used when the mower housing is  
attached to tractor.  
Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing  
performance. SeeTO LEVEL MOWER HOUSINGin  
the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.  
Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake  
pedal and set parking brake.  
Thelefthandsideofmowershouldbeusedfortrimming.  
Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.  
Move attachment clutch to DISENGAGEDposition.  
Move throttle control to choke position.  
Drivesothatclippingsaredischargedontotheareathat  
has been cut. Have the cut area to the right of the  
machine. This will result in a more even distribution of  
clippings and more uniform cutting.  
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting  
proceduresbelow.  
Whenmowinglargeareas,startbyturningtotherightso  
that clippings will discharge away from shrubs, fences,  
driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the  
opposite direction making left hand turns until finished  
(See Fig. 7 ).  
If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to  
reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried clip-  
pings. Make first cut relatively high; the second to the  
desiredheight.  
Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to  
STARTposition and release key as soon as engine  
starts. Do not run starter continuously for more than  
fifteen seconds per minute. If the engine does not start  
after several attempts, move throttle control to fast  
position, wait a few minutes and try again. If engine still  
does not start, move the throttle control back to the  
choke position and retry.  
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and above)  
Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet grass will plug  
mowerandleaveundesirableclumps. Allowgrasstodry  
beforemowing.  
Alwaysoperateengineatfullthrottlewhenmowing  
to assure better mowing performance and proper dis-  
chargeofmaterial. Regulategroundspeedbyselecting  
a low enough gear to give the mower cutting perfor-  
mance as well as the quality of cut desired.  
Whenenginestarts,movethethrottlecontroltothefast  
position.  
The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If  
the engine does not accept the load, restart the engine  
and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke  
as described above.  
COLD WEATHER STARTING ( 50° F and below)  
When operating attachments, select a ground speed  
thatwillsuittheterrainandgivebestperformanceofthe  
attachment being used.  
Whenenginestarts,allowenginetorunwiththethrottle  
control in the choke position until the engine runs  
roughly, thenmovethrottlecontroltofastposition. This  
may require an engine warm-up period from several  
secondstoseveralminutes,dependingonthetempera-  
ture.  
The attachments can also be used during the engine  
warm-upperiod.  
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold  
temperatures (below 32 F) the carburetor fuel mixture may  
need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See TO  
ADJUST CARBURETORin the Service and Adjustments  
section of this manual.  
FIG. 7  
13  
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